International Law is a body of rules and principles that administer the associations and commerce of nations towards each other. The international law is most commonly known as Public International Law which entails questions of rights among several nations or nations and people or subjects of other nations (Murphy, 2006). The United Nations Organization The United Nations or UN is an international organization established to facilitate and monitor the administration of the international law as well as to maintain international security, economic progress and human rights issues among nations.
It is founded after the Second World War (1945). It has 192 member-states. UN is structured in three major organizational bodies namely, UN General Assembly, UN Security Council, and International Court of Justice, Economic and Social Council, and Secretariat (Weiss, 2007). There are other international bodies that the UN formulated namely the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The most distinct public dignitary is the secretary-general. South Korea’s Ban Ki-moon is the incumbent secretary-general of the UN he assumed the position last January 1 2007 (Weiss, 2007).
The International Court of Justice is one of the established organizational bodies of the UN. Its principal function is to interpret and promulgate the international law. Those member-states who fail to actualize the rules and laws as set forth in the international law are tried before the International Court of Justice – also known as the World Court. It is the chief judicial council of the UN (Weiss, 2007). The World Trade Organization The World Trade Organization is an independent body that is not governed by the UN.
Its task is to oversee, manage and free up the international trade system. It deals with the set of laws of commerce among nations at a close-global height. It is also in charge for settling and employing new trade covenants and treaties, and is responsible of regulating and supervising member-nations' loyalty to all the WTO agreements, authorized by the immensity of the world's trading nations and approved in their parliaments (Matsushita, 2006). Conclusion The above-discussed international organizations are all responsible for establishing, promulgating and applying the international law.
The chief goal is to enable the world communicate, participate and make businesses among separate and diverse countries in different regions of the globe. The only difference among the three is that they implement the laws according to the nature of their existence.
Reference: Matsushita, M. (2006). The World Trade Organization: Law, Practice, and Policy (2nd ed. ). Oxford University Press. Murphy, S. D. (2006). Principles of International LAw (First ed. ). Thomson West. Weiss, T. G. (2007). The United Nations And Changing World Politics (5th ed. ). Westview Press.