The goal of the essay is to understand the meaning of life by making an analyis with the help of the thories given by the great phiosophers Volataire – the Good Brahmin, Epicurus – Hedonism and Albert Cumus – Life is absurd. The essay also articulates on the negative shade of each theory whenever there is lack of content or whenever a point is not acceptable arousing us to argue on it, so to put it in a nut shell the articles are also criticised.
Finally the essay concludes expressing the meaning of life understood from the theories given and also supports a theory which best suits life in common. The good Brahmin Volataire, the French philosopher of the eighteenth century has raised the question of existence of soul, essence and real sense of life after having met a wise Brahmin who has given him a unique picture of life. Life according to him is highly meaningless as he feels he has not found why his birth happened and when his death is about to happen.
In case, even if he happens to die the same day of conversation or in the near future, he seems to have no regrets, misgivings or any sort of ill feeling for others as he assumes he has nothing to offer others or to himself rather. He is full of despair and displeasure because he is discontent about life and dissatisfied with his way of life. His routine drives him more and more to go in search of the worth of life and the hidden agenda that life has preserved for him. Though he could see an ignorant women being contented with what she has, he is not able to make up his mind to make himself contended to enjoy his life like the others.
Hedonism The Greek philosopher Epicurus starts his theory assuming life to possess deep pleasure, which could often be acquired from the petty and usual happenings in life such as a pep talk, gardening and all the routines of life such as eating. He fears not death as it is meaningless to fear death, and the actual meaning of fearing death is the fear of what death could be – either the end of life or the start of a new life altogether after death. The fear of death can be put aside by not thinking about as it spoils the essence of the existing life making us worried every moment which we elapse.
A wise man is never in search of the meaning of life as life is not assumed to be the most evil on the earth. He is too simple too contented to restrict himself to all the due pleasure that he deserves and is not worried to give others the share they deserve. A man always desires much lesser than what he desires, that being the case, he can always make a distinguishment between the necessary desires, the natural ones, that which is required for the body, that which is required for the real happiness and the rest which is required for the life.
When a detailed analysis of this is perpetrated, there is no anxiety to anticipate the life or the emptiness after death. He argues that the requirement of pleasure is sensed and realized when we undergo the pain of pain, so does it mean that we do not need pleasure when not in pain. Is pleasure just a gap to be filled when we do not feel painful or it is more than that, created to over shade the neutrality or the sense of pain. Most times in todays world, we encourage ourselves from within to take up pain, a long term discomfort just in the anticipation of the greatest pleasure as a reciprocation.
Pleasure is when the desire is fulfilled, to fulfill a desire is where pain has to be taken. Perhaps when the desire is too much, it cannot be enjoyed in a proper way, as the heart always palpitates to get it done and we think of so many ways both appropriate and inappropriate to accomplish it. He believes that it is a better deal to assume the existence of God as it would always leave him with the mindset to understand life and the success and failures, chances and the chances which were denied, to be a right blend destined to enjoy the balanced nature of life.