All these changes are being accompanied by a knowledge explosion based on the creating, processing, and distributing of information. Since the state serves the interests of the post-modern capitalist class, organized crime has ultimately become a class-based political act embedded in capitalist social arrangements (Hinkle, 2004). Despite the recent governmental and non-governmental efforts, organized crime is still a lucrative profession for criminals, and there is still enough corruption in the system to allow traffickers to operate.
The poverty and lack of awareness that create conditions for victimization still exist in many parts in the world (Sparks, et al. , 1996). There is a good deal of truth to conflict theory in its application to organized crimes. Indeed, it is obvious to most people that powerful individuals and groups make and administer the laws. In this sense, then, laws are not neutral, but favor some group’s interests and embody some group’s values. Yet we may also charge that such intuitive insights hardly satisfy the requirements of scientific inquiry.
While the emergence of the conflict theory and the rediscovery of Marx have given new direction to the understanding of deviance, it could be supposed that the achievements have been more rhetorical than anything else (Hinkle, 2004). Many conflict formulations need to be refined. For example, it is not always clear which specific individuals or groups are covered by such terms as “ruling elites,” “governing classes,” and “powerful interests. ” And although corporations often seek to influence legislation and public policy, they do not necessarily predominate over other interest groups (Hinkle, 2004).
Be that as it may, taking the conflict perspective into consideration in discerning social inequality in deviance, it indeed shows that organized crime is endemic to capitalism. When a society generates social problems it cannot solve within it s own existence, policies for controlling the population are devised and implemented. Organized crime and criminal justice are thus integral to the larger issues of the historical development of capitalism and its perpetuation in the post-modern times.
References Hinkle, Gisela J. (2004). The Development of Modern Sociology: Its Nature and Growth in the United States. Random House. Nurco, David, Timothy Kinlock, and Thomas Hanlon. (2006). The Drugs-Crime Connection. Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. Woods, Geraldine and Woods, Harold. (2005). Drug Use in America. Washington: Library of Congress Cataloging-in- Publication. Saney, Parviz. (1996). Crime and Culture in America: A Comparative Perspective. Greenwood Press. Sparks, Richard, Anthony E. Bottoms, and Will Hay. (1996). Prisons and the Problem of Order. Clarendon Press. Von Hentig, Hans. (1997). Crime: Causes and Conditions.