The Computer Misuse Act

The act is in place to protect the rights of humans by public authorities, so they cannot be unlawfully harassed or disturbed. However, if a warrant is issued then authorities have the right to do the needful. In the event of a warrant being issued all communication service providers (CSP's) may also be obliged to provide the necessary assistance in giving effect to an interception warrant. The CSP's may also be obliged to maintain permanent access for the authorities.

Data Protection Act 1998 The Data Protection Act 1998 came into force 1st March 2000. The act is concerned with processing personnel information (bank details, National Insurance Numbers, Tax Information etc) and it applies to personnel information held electronically or via paper media. The act requires people who are in a position to control data to co-operate with rules of good practise for information handling.

It is the job of the Information Commissioner to enforce the act by providing assistance and advice to the data controller (Person/s that controls the data within an organisation or office) e. g Human Resources Department within a business& the data subjects (people who have personal information kept about them). If an individual believes that they have been the victim of any type of processing of personal information, then it is the job of the information commissioner to assess whether the crime has been committed or not in compliance with the act.

Freedom of Information Act 2000 The freedom of Information Act 2000 gives the general public the right to have access to any "information held by or on behalf of public authorities" The act is in place in order to promote an openness between public bodies & the general public. It does also allow the disclosure of certain types of information to general public such as; accountability of public money, how public bodies carry out their duties, what constitutes any decisions made on behalf of the public etc.