In today's competitive business environment, most of the companies are indulging in outsourcing. Firstly, Outsourcing helps in transformation process in an organisation by subcontracting, total outsourcing etc. For example, Nike utilizes an outsourcing strategy, using only subcontractors throughout the globe. Majority of their output today is produced in factories in China, Indonesia, and Vietnam, but they also have factories in Italy, the Philippines, Taiwan, and South Korea.
Reebok, another leading footwear manufacture also utilize a 100% outsourcing strategy and manufacture their products throughout Asia. Secondly, by outsourcing companies can concentrate on their corporate strategy and operations priorities. IBM entered into a $5 billion manufacturing outsourcing arrangement with Sanmina-SCI, an electronics contract manufacturer. The agreement supports overall business strategy and operations priorities in both companies.
Thirdly, outsourcing helps in product and process improvement activities by gaining advantage to latest technologies available through the vendor. For example, an outsourcing contract signed between Toyota Australia and Fujitsu helped Toyota gain access to the latest hardware and software, which improved product development. Further more, outsourcing helps managers to concentrate on core competencies. For example, Coca-Cola Amatil believes that outsourcing e-commerce allows us to focus on our core competencies rather than new technology.
Further more, outsourcing helps in capacity management. For example, 'Toshiba will support increased production by expanding outsourcing, including manufacturing at Matsushita Kotobuki Electronics Industries. Lastly, outsourcing helps to reduce cost and adapt to changing demand. For example, Hewlett-Packard has embarked on an ambitious plan to outsource much of its manufacturing activity to electronics manufacturing service (EMS) providers. The object of this strategy is to reduce total manufacturing cost and provide higher manufacturing responsiveness to changes in volume.
The above examples illustrate that outsourcing has helped many companies to gain competitive advantage, develop products with latest technologies and reduce cost thereby increasing profit. Today's volatile economy has forced most manufacturers to explore outsourcing. Many companies see it as an opportunity to reduce costs, improve flexibility and streamline production processes. As the face of business changes, more and more businesses are looking to reduce costs and share services.
Not only are more and more companies looking to outsourcing as a management solution, but the range of services to be outsourced is also expanding and adapting. Hence, in a nutshell, if the right kinds of jobs or activities are outsourced to the appropriate sources, it would be very beneficial for the organization. Thus, many organizations are outsourcing various activities as it not only helps in lowering costs, but also provides better outputs that in turn increase the profitability and credibility of various organizations in their respective industries.