Capital punishment is the execution of convicted criminal for crimes. It is also called death penalty. Almost European and Pacific area states including Canada have abolished the capital punishment. However it is continued with the United States, Asia retains the capital punishment. The counties slowly moving towards the abolition of capital punishment. On the occasion of the world day against the death penalty it is also being proposed in the 62nd session of UN General Assembly on October 10th of 2007, for a universal moratorium on executions. Capital punishment to the juveniles is unethical and meaningless.
When the capital punishment is being abolished in all corners, how far correct to give the punishment to the juveniles. Juveniles in the united states Juvenile is a legal term and refers with the minor. The person who is under the age group of 15 and 18 called as juvenile. The execution of juveniles in the United States is confirmed with the international obligations. The United States ratified with U. S. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights thus reserves right to continue to impose the death penalty for crimes committed by those under the age of 18.
The Supreme Court of the United States makes the order rejecting the proposal for capital punishment for juvenile offenders i. e. who is in the age group of 15 to 18. Between January 1973 to December 31, 2004, 71 persons were on death row for juvenile crimes. The share is 2% of total death row population of 3,487 in the United States. They belong to all parts of the state of difference states. The highest share belonging to the Texas for which 29 persons out of 72 juvenile offenders.
In this case the offender committed the crime at the age of 17 and was tried after 9 months he has been sentenced for death at the age of 18. During the March 2005, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty for those persons who had committed their crimes at less than 18 years of age was cruel and usual punishment and hence barred by the constitutions in case of Roper Vs Simmons. At the time offense the notice age is 16 and 17 only even single case is not noticed of 15 age and the native Americans of this juveniles are only one percent i. e.
one person of native American, surprisingly the victims ratio is 64 those who belonging to white race. The Supreme Court set the minimum age for death penalty eligibility at 18 With the Supreme Court decision, the execution of juvenile offenders has been ended in the United States besides in 19 states who have powers. The courts opined that the execution is unconstitutional and cruel. It can also be remembered that before 3 years, the executions for mentally retarded persons has been banned. Perhaps it may be the foremost step for banning the executions for juveniles.
There are 19 states who have allowed the executions for juveniles are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Utah, Texas and Virginia Under this Act, when the child or young person arrested under warrant should not be release the parent or guardian provides surety with the custody officer of the police station. It indicates that the child or young person shall not be in a position to think since they are partially matured.
Capital Punishment was introduced to England by the Anglo-Saxon invaders during the fifty century. It is estimated that 72,000 people have been executed by various methods under the reign of Henry VIII. The Children’s character described that under juveniles who are under 16 could not be executed. However the age of 16 was increased to 18 with the Act of Children and Young Persons Act, 1933. The last known execution of a person less than 18 years of age was Charles Dobel aged of 17 has been hanged.