The foreign policy of USA is mostly based on the oil in the Middle East. There is a sudden and drastic drift by USA’s foreign and defense policy towards the Middle East. It has given opened the foreign diplomatic analysts to rethink on their policies. The present foreign & defense policy is shaped by the occurrences of 11th September 2001. It changed its focus on resolving the disputes among the nations and started to consolidate its own strength and support from the international community to fight against the terrorism.
It learned the lessons from Taliban for giving it support against the Soviet Union that terrorism will not spare any one. It took several diplomatic actions to convince international community to take armed action against the Taliban’s regime & Saddam’s regime. It has removed the nuclear test sanctions on Pakistan and also announced separate monetary package for giving support. It also took a global campaign against the rule of Saddam Hussian’s dictatorship and redefined the ‘War on Terrorism’. Defense policy of USA:
Until 11 September 2001, the USA never thought about the attacks. It has shown the vulnerability of the mainland security. After the post cold war there were several set backs in the Venezuela, the regions of the Balkans, Africa’s Great Lakes or Somalia etc for the United States. After that also it actively participated in Gulf war in 1990. After these wars United States remained quite in their defense policy by just building their own defense mechanism. It was acting as a mediator for resolving the problems up to 2001 but with the 9/11 attack the phase has changed.
It totally focused on the security and defense concerns of its own. It came up with direct attack on the Taliban’s land with military action. USA spent $ 64 billions as emergency funds for 2001 & 2002. September 11, 2001 attacks were intended to end America’s global hegemony. Bush administration strategically set foreign & defense policy to meet its goals against ‘War against Terrorism’. Some of them are: 1. Identifying, locating and destroying the terrorists and their organizations. 2. Denial of sponsorship, support and sanctuary to terrorists.
End the state sponsorship of terrorism, working with the states that are willing to work as group, persuading reluctant states and compelling unwilling states. 4. Disrupt material support and eliminate terrorist sanctuaries. 5. Marginalize the conditions for the terrorist to exploit the conditions through winning the war of ideals & strengthen the weak nations where there is chance of emergence of terrorism. 6. Strengthening the home land security and defending the U. S citizens and interests at home and abroad. Conclusion: USA has given its best in to counter terrorism.
The fight against terrorism not only need the change in the foreign and defense policy but also it should show the transparency in its defining the term ‘War on Terrorism’ to convince the international community on its actions. Nations have to change their foreign and defense policies to adapt to the current situations in the world.
Reference: 1. Donald K. Steinberg, May 31, 2002, Hometown Diplomat: American Foreign Policy After 9/11, U. S DEPARTMENT of STATE, Los Angeles, California, Retrieved from <http://www. state. gov/s/p/rem/11080. htm >