There are many definitions for the term ‘community’, a community can be defined as representing a group of people in a specified place doing specific actions, a community can be the environment in which you work or go to school and a community can simply be the area in which you live. A community can also be any private or public place where individuals gather. According to Pain (2001) a community is a challenging concept that is widely used in many different ways by different groups of people and may take on different forms.
Community is usually praised as a good thing; community is usually viewed in the positive sense because it moves away from individualism and further more highlight positive traits such as belonging, co-operation, sharing and loyalty. “Communities are people who talk to one another. ” Pain explains that this is not a specific definition of what a community is however it is a starting point to understand the basis of community, how and why people talk to each other is the more important factor.
One cannot assume that because there is communication that we therefore have community but the process of the communication which leads to community is what we have. Based on my personal experiences and beliefs I would define ‘community’ as the relationship between groups within the social space. My community consists of the area in which I live, the environment where I work and the chosen place of education and also a religious community.
I believe that any individual can have many different places of ‘community’ and their own idea of what community means to them is based on the interactions individuals have within their community and with whom they have these interactions. In addition to these definitions of community, a community can also be classified as the place where you are currently integrated or what you are currently doing.
For example if a person is at a public social event these places can also be considered as a community because of the interaction between individuals. Community can mean a number of different things too many people, traditionally the term community would mean a group of people living in the same locality and under the same government ; therefore we as Canadians are one community. The district or locality in which such group’s lives this would mean that everyone within in the locality of York University for example is one community.
In addition to these meanings of community there are also communities where people share the same interest, a religious community, business community, sexual orientation community. As mentioned earlier a community can be defined and associated with many different things. The traditional view of community is no longer what the only view that is accepted. Overall community is a very broad term that has numerous definitions to different people of age, class, and gender.
Children will have a different outlook on community because they may have fewer ‘communities’ than adults. The notion of community has been around for a long time and studied by many academics, however thru the emerging process of the term community some academics have doubt in the term and its relevance, leading to many different ideas and views of what the term means and community can be defined as or associated with.
During the progression of the term various developing definitions of the term ‘community’ materialized; according to scholars what community was characterized as was the modern city and competition rather than cooperation between individuals. One specific author Louis Wirth has argued that large size, high density and heterogeneity of cities were significant factors in preventing the growth of ‘community’ , i. e.
the lack of communication in these large size, high density developments however later work proved Wirth to be wrong concluding that ‘community’ was alive and well. Community is not necessarily defined solely in terms of spatial proximity, one of the most important characteristics in re-conceptualizing ‘community’ is that, to some extent all communities are ‘imagined’ in the sense that we can never really know all of the members of our community and or what interest we share but we can dream/imagine about knowing this.
‘Community’ will everlastingly be a term with a changing definition and history due to its broad aspects and boundaries and the critics the term must face, along with the development of technology, community will expand worldwide we are all currently connected by some form of technology therefore we may be considered a community. My community is the City of Brampton which is the township of Chinguacousy. Approximately 180 years ago John Elliott, John Scott, John Lynch and George Write were the first four settlers who dreamed about a village and worked
vigorously to make their dream a reality. What is now known as Queen and Main Streets were once filled with thick forest, swamps and a river that contained salmon for them to eat and water to bathe in and to drink. Chinguacousy Township together with Albion, Caledon, Toronto and Toronto Gore Townships were contained within the County of Peel. The County had been purchased from the Mississauga Band of the Ojibwa First Nations. The first purchase of this land happened in 1805 encompassed an area that stretched from Lake Ontario to the approximate location of Eglington Avenue.
The second purchase in 1819 contained 648,000 acres that included the remainder of Peel Country. The First Township Councils were elected in 1821 but until 1851 Peel was considered to be a part of York County and was governed by the Home District Council that met in Toronto. Between 1851 and 1866 Peel was governed by a council made up of member from the United Counties of York and Peel. The passing of the Municipal Corporations Act in 1849 opened the door for the incorporation of many small villages across Ontario and thus lead to Brampton receiving its charter and officially becoming a village on January 1, 1853.
Three years after becoming a village the railway arrived and brought about more industry and residents to the new village. Brampton achieved the status of a Town in 1873 and remained a town until the Regional Municipality of Peel was established on January 1, 1974. Currently my community is the newly developed and still growing urban community of Springdale was first introduced as sub-division in 1995, which has expanded North of Bovaird Drive and breaking into small sub-division communities like ‘The Manors of Wellington Crown’ and ‘The Vales of Castlemore’ reaching close border lines with Caledon.
When I first moved to the City of Brampton in 1989 there was no type of zoning past Bovaird Drive, it was all farm land as the years went by more people started moving into Brampton therefore the city needed to expand and provide more housing, leading to more commercial areas, more schooling etc when finally an entire new sub-division of Brampton was created. The City of Brampton has a total land area of 265 square kilometres. The regions which boarder the City of Brampton are the City of Vaughan to the East, the Halton Hills region to the West, the City of Caledon to the North and the City of Mississauga to the South.
Bramalea was built as a “satellite city” a satellite city is a concept of urban planning, satellite cities are smaller municipalities that are adjacent to major a major city which is the core of a metropolitan area. Brampton was Canada’s first satellite city when it built in the 1960s. Chinguacousy and Toronto Gore were the two townships incorporated into Brampton mid-way through the twentieth century. From this merger, communities such as Bramalea, Heart Lake and Professor’s Lake, Snelgrove, Tullamore, and Mayfield, were formed.
Rural villages, such as Claireville, Ebenezer, Victoria, Springbrook, Churchville, Coleraine, and Huttonville were merged into the larger city. The early 1980s brought new development, as the city released large territories of land to residential developers. The large new suburban community of Springdale was developed in 1995 and is the area where most of the urban sprawl has taken place. This land began in its largest boom in 1999, when development started to appear as far north as the city’s border with Caledon. In the 1980s new development emerged and the city released large tracts of land to residential developers.
As mentioned above Springdale was developed in 1995 and is the area where most of the urban sprawl has taken place. Brampton’s population reached over 325,000 in 2001 which made it the 14th largest city in Canada being the 14th largest city in Canada Brampton has strong and fast growing economy, hosting major companies such as MD Robotics, Ford, Rogers Communications, Nortel, Coca-Cola and Daimler Chrysler Canada Ltd just to name a few. The City of Brampton’s major economic generator was agriculture in the late 1800s. The agricultural industry was comprised of mainly growers and manufactures of farm equipment.
Between 1960 and 1990, Brampton’s transportation infrastructure experienced tremendous improvements. Brampton received its first direct connection to Highway 410 in 1989. The CN Brampton Intermodal Terminal was built in 1982 with direct access to CN North America trunk lines by three tracks. The changing infrastructure coupled with population growth and the City’s proximity to the Lester B. Pearson International Airport became the driving forces behind the City’s second economic growth era ‘the urban integration’With a growing multicultural population, the Peel Board of
Education introduced evening ESL (English as a Second Language) classes at high schools. Originally taught by volunteers, the classes eventually became daytime courses taught by paid instructors. In the 1980’s, the public and Catholic board expanded its language programs, offering night classes in 23 languages. These were introduced by the urging of parents who wanted their children to learn their ancestral heritage and language. To engage our community of the multiculturalism within Brampton ‘Carabram’ was introduced.
An event founded in 1982 after volunteers from different ethnic communities wanted to organize a festival celebrating Brampton’s diversity and cross-cultural friendship. With a name based on Toronto like-event, Caravan Festival of Cultures, Carabram’s first event included Italian, Scottish, Ukrainian, and West Indian pavilions. By 2003, forty-five-thousand visitors visited 18 pavilions. The city of Brampton has long been considered one of Canada’s fastest growing communities. Brampton’s recent exponential growth in population is due primarily to immigration. The city of Brampton has a fast growing South Asian presence.
Between 1996 and 2001, the South Asian population grew from 34,000 to 63,000 visible minorities comprise 40. 16% of Brampton’s population, and persons of Aboriginal-Identity comprise 0. 53% of the city’s population. The following chart indicates Brampton’s population growth from 1858 to the present:YearPopulation18585019228,00019496,000195914,500196326,363196737,701197895,0001983165,0001985180,0002001325,4282006433,806*These numbers are of the population of Brampton proper and do not include areas that were later annexed by Brampton prior to the expansion of municipal boundaries.
In 2005 the top five countries of origin for immigrants in Brampton were India, Portugal, Jamaica, the United Kingdom and Guyana and the three fastest growing immigrant groups in Brampton are the Pakistani, Indian, and the Guyanese groups. In conclusion, community is a part of everyone and therefore everyone has a story to tell about their community and its positive attributes, I would have to say that I am luck to be a part of many communities that carry a positive image such as the York University community and the Brampton Community.
Unfortunately, some individuals are unable to acknowledge the strengths and accomplishments of their community because the community may not have as many good traits. However it is up to the individual to understand and appreciate the positives of their community. BibliographyAnderson, B. (1991) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism. In Pain, R. , Barke, M. , Fuller, D. , Gough, J. , MacFarlane, R. , & Mowl, G. (2001) Introducing Social Geographies. (p. 78). New York: Oxford University PressBryden, J.
And Watson, D. (1995) Community Involvement and Rural Policy. In Pain, R. , Barke, M. , Fuller, D. , Gough, J. , MacFarlane, R. , & Mowl, G. (2001) Introducing Social Geographies. (p. 70). New York: Oxford University PressEdge Life. (2005). New World Glossary – Community. Minneapolis: Author. Retrieved October 1st, 2007, from: http://www. edgelife. net/glossary/community. htmPain, R. , Barke, M. , Fuller, D. , Gough, J. , MacFarlane, R. , & Mowl, G. (2001) Introducing Social Geographies. New York: Oxford University PressO’Hara D. (2007).
Acres of Glass: The Store of the Dale Este and How Brampton became ‘The Flower Town of Canada’. (p. 97) Toronto: EastendBooksThe City of Brampton (2007). The Corporation of the City of Brampton – A Brief History. Ontario: Author. Retrieved October 1st, 2007, from: http://www. city. brampton. on. ca/mayorcouncil/history. tmlThe City of Brampton (2006). Brampton: Taking care of Business Everyday – Local Economic Indicators. Ontario: Author. Retrieved October 1st, 2007, from http://www. brampton. ca/economic-development/content_stats/stats-facts.
tmlThe City of Brampton (2006). Brampton: Market Profile. Ontario. Author. Retrieved October 1st, 2007, from: http://www. brampton. ca/economic-development/content_stats/stats-facts. tmlThe City of Brampton (2006). Brampton: Community Profile – All Roads Lead to Brampton. Ontario: Author. Retrieved October 1st, 2007, from http://www. brampton. ca/economic-development/content_stats/stats-facts. tmlThe Brampton City Crest was created in 1974 as the official symbol of the newly-incorporated City of Brampton.
Its symbols are meant to convey the historical roots and strengths of the carious towns and townships which were united as the City of Brampton. The Beaver symbolizes our Canadian heritage and the ethic of hard work. The Sheaf is the symbol of the township of Toronto Gore, one of Brampton’s founding communities. Farming and manufacturing, the areas historical mainstays, are represented in the crest by the sheaf of grain and the ploughshare. When the grand trunk railway was laid though Brampton, as depicted by the steam engine, the city’s importance as an agricultural, manufacturing and political center escalated.