Using this table, prepare and submit a 30 – 50 word response in each box that describes the purposes for each system, and gives examples and uses for each system. In addition, prepare and submit an APA-formatted reference page with at least five references.
|System |Purposes |Examples |Uses | |Operations support systems | | | | | |The “Operation Support Systems” |Examples of operation |The purpose of an operation | | |(2007) website states that OSS |support systems include |support system (OSS for | | |gives telecommunications service |standard office network |short) is twofold.
Automated | | |providers the ability to create, |applications like word |administration allows a | | |deploy, and maintain |processor, spreadsheets, |reduction of operational | | |telecommunications services, and |databases, and presentations|costs associated with the | | |to bill customers for the use of |(Englebardt, & Nelson, |management of a large number | | |these services. |2002). Other examples |of heterogeneous smart | | |The purpose of the operations |include: thin client and |objects.
Second, intelligent | | |support system is to attend to the|citrix OS. |devices contain valuable | | |direct day-to-day operations of an| |operational and business | | |institution. This can include both| |information that can be | | |applications and communication | |retrieved in real-time to | | |tools used in the institution | |feed business applications | | |(Englebardt & Nelson, 2002). | |such as remote supervision, | | | | |billing, service promotion, | | | | |and customer relationship | | | | |management (Balter, n.d.). | | | | | | |Documentation system | | | | | |
Documentation systems are used to |Examples include: Meditech |Documentation systems are | | |facilitate documentation in a |6.0, Allscrprits, and |used in health care | | |health care institution. It is a |Mckesson are popular |facilities as ways for health| | |communication workflow and |examples of documentation |care providers to communicate| | |provides real-time information. |systems used by numerous |with one another.
Clinicians | | |Multiple health care providers can|health care institutions. |document patient assessments,| | |have access to a given chart at | |patient care flow sheets, and| | |the same time(Englebardt & | |patient/family education | | |Nelson, 2002). | |(O’Brien, & Landstrom, 1994).| | |Computer-based documentation | | | | |system have the potential to | | | | |reduce the time and effort needed | | | | |for documentation, to increase the| | | | |quality and the reusability of the| | | | |data, and finally, to support | | | | |high-quality and efficient patient| | | | |care (Ammenwerth, Haux, & | | | | |Pohl, 2000). | | | |
Electronic medical record | | | | | |Electronic medical record (EMR) is|Examples include: Meditech |Electronic medical record is | | |used to organize computerized |6.0, Allscrprits, and |more beneficial than paper | | |medical records to help and ensure|Mckesson are popular |records because it allows | | |proper delivery of patient care. |examples of documentation |providers to: track data over| | |
EMR is part of a stand-alone |systems used by numerous |time, monitor how patients | | |health information system |health care institutions. |measure up to certain | | |(Rustagi, & Singh, 2012). | |parameters such as vital | | | | |signs, identify patients due | ||According to “What Is An | |for preventive screenings and| | |Electronic Medical Record | |improve overall quality of | | |(EMR)?” (2013), EMR is a digital | |care in a practice (“What Is | | |version of a paper chart that | |An Electronic Medical Record | | |contains all of a patient’s | |(EMR)?” 2013). | | |medical history from one practice.| | | | |
An EMR is commonly used by health | | | | |care providers for diagnosis and | | | | |treatment. | | | |Spreadsheet | | | | | |Spreadsheet system is used to |Examples include: Microsoft |Spreadsheets are mainly used | | |organize data into columns and |Excel and Lotus 1-2-3 |to ease budgeting, | | |rows whose intersections form |(Englebardt & Nelson, 2002).|accounting, analysis of data | | |cells.
The cell can consist of |Other examples include: |for planning, and inventory. | | |numbers, text, or the product of |EditGrid, Expresso |Spreadsheets are useful for | | |functions, formulas, and a variety|spreadsheet, Smartsheet, and|analysis since cases can be | | |of analytical tools (Englebardt & |IBM Lotus Symphony. |investigated rapidly without | | |Nelson, 2002). | |manual recalculation | | | | |(Englebardt & Nelson, 2002). | | | | | ||Presentation/graphical | | | | |
|Presentation/graphical system are |Examples include: Microsoft |Presentation and graphical | | |used to communicate information to|PowerPoint, InfoTools, |systems are used to create | | |a targeted audience. |InfoSwitch, Dapresy Pro, |presentations and graphs to | | |Presentation/graphical systems |Instant Intelligence |provide data, visuals and | | |provide data with visual aids such|reporting (Macer, 2011). |graphs to communicate through| | |charts, diagrams, and graphs. | |either presenting to an | | |Information can also be emailed | |audience or sending the | | |using presentation/ graphical | |information to an individual | | |system (Macer, 2011). | |(Macer, 2011).
Furthermore, | | | | |presentation system creates | | | | |dynamic and informational | | | | |slides most commonly used for| | | | |education, business, and | | | | |training purposes. | |Decision aid | | | | | |The main purpose of decision aides|Examples include: cleaning |Decision aids are employed | | |is to couple computer-aided design|procedures |for scheduling algorithms use| | |data with database and scheduling |in health care facilities |to determine schedules. For | | |systems.
Decision aids are |and around-the-clock |the health care providers, it| | |designed to monitor; they do not |operations, varied service |can provide information | | |respond to specific requests or |hours, a complex physical |needed to make the | | |command (Englebardt & Nelson, |plant, and strict |appropriate health decision | | |2002). |environmental and regulatory|patients (Englebardt & | | | |requirements (Englebardt & |Nelson, 2002).
Moreover, | | | |Nelson, 2002). |decision aids are intended to| | | | |accomplish the following: | | | | |frame the decision and the | | | | |available options in an | | | | |unbiased way and explain | | | | |about the potential risks and| | | | |benefits of each of the | | | | |reasonable options. | |Decision support system | | | | | |The primary purpose of a decision |Examples used in the health |
This system is mainly used to| | |support system is to mimic |care system include: advance|enhance the human ability to | | |human-decision making and to also |cardiac defibrillator, |analyze, | | |facilitate the clinical diagnostic|cardiac pacemakers, and the |problem solves, treat, | | |process. In addition, this system|automated external |diagnose, and estimate | ||promotes the use of best |defibrillators (AED) (Noor, |prognosis of health-related | | |practices, helps with the |2007). |condition.
It assists in | | |development and adherence of | |clinical decisions and health| | |guidelines; facilitate processes | |management (Englebardt & | | |for improvement of care, and error| |Nelson, 2002). | | |prevention (Englebardt & Nelson, | | | | |2002). | | | |Expert System | | | | | |The main purpose of this system is|An example of the one of the|The expert system is used to | | |to use a computer system that |first expert systems is the |process knowledge depending | | |utilizes and exhibits knowledge |MYCIN (Englebardt & Nelson, |of the quality of the data, | | |and rules. Knowledge is used to |2002).
Other examples |and information entered. | | |interpret data and to make the |include: Ecosystem, Solar |Based on the information and | | |best decisions (Englebardt & |Travel, Bomb.kb, and |knowledge, an evaluation form| | |Nelson, 2002). |Distance.kb. |can be developed to review | | | | |the quality of a completed | | | | |patient assessment | | | | |(Englebardt & Nelson, 2002). |
Ammenwerth, E., Haux, R., & Pohl, U. (2000). Computer-based documentation systems and their integration into hospital information systems. Proceedings of the World Multiconference on Systemics, Cyberneticsand Informatics,. Retrieved from http://www.elske-ammenwerth.de/Publikationen/t4.pdf
Balter, R. (n.d.). A Scalable and Flexible Operation Support System for Networked Smart Objects. Retrieved from http://sardes.inrialpes.fr/papers/files/03-Balter-Soc.pdf
Englebardt, S. P., & Nelson, R. (2002). Health care informatics: An interdisciplinary approach. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.
Macer, T. (2011). It doesn’t have to be PowerPoint. International Journal Of Market Research, 53(1), 122-125. doi:10.2501/IJMR-53-1-115-125 Noor, A. (2007). Re-engineering Healthcare. (Cover story). Mechanical Engineering, 129(11), 22-27.
O’Brien, K., & Landstrom, G. L. (1994). Using system integration to revise documentation. Nursing Management, 25(2), 56-56. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/231359774?accountid=35812
Operation Support Systems. (2007). Retrieved from http://www.insight-corp.com/ExecSummaries/OSSfor07ExecSum.pdf
Rustagi, N., & Singh, R. (2012). Electronic medical record: Time to migrate?. Perspectives in Clinical Research, 3(4), 143-145. doi:10.4103/2229-3485.103596
What Is an Electronic Medical Record (EMR)?. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.healthit.gov/providers-professionals/electronic-medical-records-emr
Wheeler, P. R., & Jones, D. R. (2003). The Effects of Exclusive User Choice of Decision Aid Features on Decision Making. Journal of Information Systems,