AbstractThe purpose of this report is to present the different points of view regarding the extremely wide use of surveillance cameras, as well as to explain the civil rights issues that are involved. The report will discuss the use of CCTV cameras in Australia. In addition, the report will cover the reliance of countries on surveillance systems for security and to prevent crime, people’s right to privacy and statistics: offenses detected by surveillance cameras. This report concludes that Cooperation between government and citizens to maintain security. This report recommends that Provide alternative solutions with positive results, and help to sustain the security and privacy of citizens.
In 1968 the first CCTV surveillance was installed in New York. In 1981 the first CCTV camera was installed in Melbourne, and from that time onwards people have never stopped arguing about it. Some of them support that system, while others are against it. The purpose of CCTV camera is to watch streets and people in public places to prevent crimes and make people think carefully before doing illegal acts. Governments are the main supporter of CCTV surveillance, because they want to make sure that their countries are safer and controlled. On the other hand, Civil Liberties activists are the main opponents of the CCTV surveillance, because they think that it is against the privacy of people. Julian Burnside said “The human instinct for privacy runs deep. All people have a need to be private, but privacy is not coherently protected in Australia…” (Burnside, 2010).
1.2 PurposeThe purpose of this report is to present the different points of view about the use of surveillance cameras, as well as to explain the civil rights issues that are involved.
1.3 ScopeThis report is confined to the use of CCTV cameras in Australia. This report will include the following sections: States and their reliance on surveillance systems for security & to prevent crime. Statistics: offenses detected by surveillance cameras.
People’s right to privacy.
1.4 MethodologyThe method applied for data collection was secondary research, using internet sources, journals and newspapers.2.0 States and reliance on surveillance systems. Surveillance Systems have become one of the key elements of the internal security in many countries, including Australia. However, there are many differences in the amount of surveillance and in the techniques used in different countries. Britain was the first country to employ so many cameras in the streets and public places. English entertainer, Peter Fry, says “In the last decade the use of CCTV for Public Space Surveillance in the UK hasdeveloped at a faster rate than anywhere else in the world…”(Fry, 2011). Speaking about the numbers of cameras in the UK, he said “New research by the ACPO lead on CCTV, Graeme Gerrard, estimates that the number of cameras is 1.85 million.” (Fry, 2011). The Australian government follows Britain’s lead in increasing the number of surveillance cameras. However, the increasing of surveillance cameras in Britain did not have the desired effect of lowering the rate of crime. Some countries do not have the ability to provide such extensive surveillance technology, and the rate of crime there is less than the states that rely entirely on surveillance systems. It can be argued that over-dependence on the monitoring devices in achieving security could make police negligent in the proper performance of their duties.
3.0 Statistics: offenses detected by surveillance cameras.Control of security is one of the most important issues for countries. No country has ever achieved complete security. But some countries have succeeded in reducing the crime rate dramatically and significantly. Surveillance systems and continuous monitoring have helped some countries to achieve this. However, this is not true in yhe UK. For example, Owen Bowcott points out that “Only 3% of street robberies in London were solved using CCTV images, despite the fact that Britain has more security cameras than any other country in Europe.” (Bowcott, 2008). This indicates that surveillance systems did not help to prevent crimes and it was not an effective solution to obtaining evidence against criminals. Furthermore, Julian Burnside said “But in Britain, figures released last year showed that just one crime per year was solved for every 1000 CCTV cameras in use.” (Burnside, 2010). However, the opposite happened in Ipswich, Australia. The local Mayor Paul Pisasale, says “We’ve created a safer community from officially the highest crime rate in the country at one stage, now one of the lowest.” (MacDonald, 2011). Has been a radical change in Ipswich in the crime rate there because of surveillance cameras, where it reduced the crime rate by 78 per cent in the areas covered by surveillance cameras.
4.0 People’s right to privacyPeople like to be private, they do not like to be watched every time bysomeone eles. However, CCTV survellance cameras against people’s right to privacy. Julian Burnside says “Most people draw the curtains at night. It’s not because they have something to hide, but because they need to feel that they are not being watched.” (Burnside, 2010). People need to be private all time specially at public places, when they are shopping, walking in streets and meeting each other out. CCTV cameras records everything happen in front of it, it dose not know if that movement is embarrassed to people and they do not want anyone to watch them in that situation. Peter Michael says “Others are more worried about data being collected and video clips of embarrassing moments, like couples having sex on a park bench or drunken antics, getting posted on the internet.”(Michael, 2011). People should feel free and private in their home countries.
5.0 ConclusionIn conclusion, Stabilize security in Austrailia is very important, and we must maintain it. Therefore, citizens who have to control themselves before being monitored by the government. And the government should not abound surveillance on citizens all the time. Everyone knows that the right to privacy for people not because they have something to hide, but desire a sense of privacy that makes them want to be alone and non-watched.
6.0 RecommendationsOn the government to find alternative solutions in the control and monitoring.For example, the intensification of human inhabitants observers (undercover security).This has several benefits, including youth employment, reducing the unemployment rate and the ability to control accidents and crimes faster.Larger educate people on the laws and regulations, and the establishment of awareness courses for offenses and penalties.
Bibliography:Burnside, J 2010, ‘Being watched constantly is too high a price for safety’, The Sydney Morning Herald, 5 July, viewed 27 August 2013, .
Fry, P 2011, ‘How many cameras are there?’, CCTV User Group, 16 August, viewed 25 August 2013, .
Bowcott, O 2008, ‘CCTV boom has failed to slash crime, say police’, The Guardian, 6 May, viewed 24 August 2013,
MacDonald, A 2011, ‘Ipswich Mayor Paul Pisasale dismisses Big Brother fears over booming number of CCTV cameras’, Courier Mail, 5 September, viewed 24 August 2013, .
Michael, P 2011, ‘Hidden CCTV cameras to be audited amid privacy concerns’, Courier Mail, 3 September, viewed 23 August 2013, .