Supreme Court on the Fourteenth Amendment

Lanning, Kevin. "Democracy, Voting, And Disenfranchisement In The United States: A Social Psychological Perspective. " Journal of Social Issues 64. 3 (2008): 431-446. Academic Search Premier. Web. 6 Mar. 2012. In this issue of the Journal of Social Sciences, Kevin Lanning presents a series of articles concerned with the social psychological that criminal disenfranchisement has on the United States and the importance of democracy and political involvement.

The articles explain the major features of democracy, which include autonomy, engagement, and equality. The articles state that self-governance is too easily given up since about half of the eligible adults choose not to vote. Lanning claims that numerous ideas drawn from psychological measurement may contribute to making elections more impartial. The replacement of the Electoral College by a single collective popular vote would not only be more representative and democratic

but would significantly decrease the probability of controversial results in future presidential elections. This collection of articles provides examples of systems of disenfranchisement that could replace the current and outdated versions. (141) Munn, Nicholas. "The Limits of Criminal Disenfranchisement. " Criminal Justice Ethics 30. 3 (2011): 223-239. Academic Search Premier. Web. 27 Feb. 2012. Munn makes the case that criminal disenfranchisement is sometimes suitable as part of a reasonable punishment imposed on an individual.

He argues that for a system of criminal disenfranchisement to be valid, it must only be enforced for those offenders who have committed serious crimes and must only be implemented within societies that have shown a high degree of integrity in its official engagements. A discussion on the concerns of various jurisdictions throughout several States that practice criminal disenfranchisement is discussed in the text to demonstrate the difficulties that the system must overcome or avoid.

Munn also proposes a disenfranchisement system that he believes will work is discussed in the article as well. Since an argument is only valid if it addresses both sides of the coin this article is perfect for providing balance and offering a broader picture to the audience. (142) Shaw, Katherine. "Invoking the Penalty:

How Florida's Felon Disenfranchisement Law Violates the Constitutional Requirement of Population Equality in Congressional Representation and What to do about it. " Northwestern University Law Review 100.3 (2006): 1439-1477. Academic Search Premier. Web. 27 Feb. 2012. Katherine Shaw, the author of this article, published by the Northwestern University Law Review, discusses her suggestion regarding the felon disenfranchisement laws currently in place in the state of Florida. She states that, as they are right now, the laws are a violation of a citizen's constitutional rights. It provides an overview of the progress of the principle of one person, one vote. Historical analysis, conducted by the U. S. 

Supreme Court on the Fourteenth Amendment for the case Richardson versus Ramirez and its relationship with the number of Representatives a state is allocated is discussed in the article. Shaw discusses how the practice of disenfranchisement in the state of Florida correlates with other regimes that are currently in effect throughout the United States. This text is a great argument against the practice because it offers a specific example of a State that has had a recent explosion in the percentage of their population who are disenfranchised.