Laws are the principles and regulations established, whether in the form of legislation or policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision (“Dictionary. com”, 2014). In general, laws serve some main functions such as: provide safety for individuals and their assets, resolve conflicts, and protect civil liberties. In our society and business there are laws that have been created as a body of rules that we must follow. It regulates a lot of what we think and do, though some may not be as obvious as others. It is assumed that, each act we partake in is accompanied
by the express consideration of a law or societal rule, and as so, we proceed accordingly. Law plays a significant role in the successful operation of business and society. Laws regulate social behavior, which leads to a society that runs efficiently. Many laws provide ethical standards as well as expectations. We started with the constitution, which establishes the fundamental principles of a government at the state and federal level. This includes creating the branches of the government, preventing other governmental units from passing certain laws, and
bestowing and refusing certain powers to each branch. The U. S. Constitution is the Supreme Law of the US. In addition to setting out the structure of the three branches of the Government (Executive, Judicial, and Legislative) it also establishes the powers that each of those branches have and the limitations of the functions of the Government. Those branches of the Government create the laws in which we live by. The Legislative Branch establishes laws by passing bills
. The Executive Branch (President) may sign legislation passed by Congress into law or may veto it, preventing it from becoming law unless two-thirds of both houses of Congress vote to override the veto. Finally, the Judicial branch will interpret laws, there interpretations effectively form the bounds of the law. Often times the Judicial Branch will consider whether the laws infringe upon our Constitutional rights. 2 ROLE AND FUNCTIONS OF LAW Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc. , et al. , 505 U. S. 504 (1992) The United States uses a federal system in which a national government coexists with the government of each state (Melvin, 2011, p. 28).
Coexisting also means that there cannot be any conflict between federal and state laws. In the case of Cipollone v. Leggitt Group, Cipollone brought suit against Leggitt Group (and others) saying that they were responsible for the passing of his mother because of not labeling and informing smokers of their product hazards (Melvin, 2011, p. 28). Leggitt Group wanted the court to dismiss the state law by saying that there were federal laws in place that would preempt the state laws. Preemption is the “power granted by the supremacy clause to override a state law” (Melvin, 2011, p.
28). In this case, the Supreme Court ruled against Cipollone saying that his claims were relying on state laws that were preempted by federal law. Relating Functions of Law to Personal Life It was said earlier that in our society and business there are laws that have been created as a body of rules that we must follow. This includes working for the government as a contractor, like I do.
On the business side, the program and people itself must follow the laws of the contract that is drawn up between customer and contractor. Moreover that, the program, people, and contract itself must follow the laws of the federal acquisition regulation (FAR). On the side of society, the laws that come to mind that affect me from day to day are things such as traffic laws; speed limits, HOV lanes, double white lines that you cannot cross, etc. There are also laws to help deter people from doing malicious things to other people, for example, it is against the law to assault someone else. These are just a few examples of different laws in our business and society. 3 ROLE AND FUNCTIONS OF LAW So in conclusion, laws are the principles and regulations established, whether in the form
of legislation or policies recognized and enforced by judicial decision (“Dictionary. com”, 2014). They can help provide safety for individuals and their assets, resolve conflicts, and protect civil liberties. Laws help to regulate social and business behavior. The United States uses a federal system in which a national government coexists with the government of each state (Melvin, 2011, p. 28) and the case of Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc. , et al. , 505 U. S. 504 (1992) was able to teach us about preemption. And finally we learned that laws affect all of us in our personal, societal, and business aspects of life.