Additionally, the assistant prosecutor aught to be available for pre-trial filing consultation, preparation of search warrants, and the filing of all criminal cases against targeted defendants and co-defendants. (Weisel & Painter, 1997) He or she also monitors all misdemeanor cases generated by the team, including filing and prosecuting all probation violations.
(Weisel & Painter, 1997) The prosecutor’s office has several responsibilities including assisting in the investigation of post criminal complaint filings of the various cases generated by the team’s participants, preparing cases for trial by locating, interviewing, and subpoenaing witnesses, especially those witnesses who are either hostile or frightened.
(Weisel & Painter, 1997) Additionally, the prosecutor’s office is expected to participate in witness management and witness and victim protection and relocation, and be available to assist in pre-filing investigations, surveillance, participation in arrests, expertise in the preparation and execution of search warrants and assume the lead in coordinating the prosecution of targeted subjects when more than one agency is involved. (Weisel & Painter, 1997)
Probation officers also fulfill important duties in the TARGET team for suppression of gang activity. (Weisel & Painter, 1997) The officers play a vital role in enforcing specialized terms and conditions of probation which are imposed by courts on gang members. (Weisel & Painter, 1997) He or she also files probation violation for probationers who fail to comply with their terms of probation. The Probation Officer’s powers also include authorized court ordered searches of houses, vehicles, and persons on probation.
(Weisel & Painter, 1997) The probation officers also assist the team with surveillance of known gang hangouts and monitor probationer’s activities which can lead to arrests for probation violations. (Weisel & Painter, 1997) The probation officers also provide prevention and intervention case worker services discouraging gang involvement. (Weisel & Painter, 1997) Various communities have developed effective programs for the prevention, intervention and suppression of gang activities.
These programs target the appropriate places, times and people as related to their stated goals. The prevention programs target younger people in accessible locations like schools, and include teachers and parents among others. Intervention programs target slightly older children, most of whom are at-risk for gang involvement based on their living conditions, peers, and their own behavior. Suppression efforts are coordinated to target older gang members in high risk locations.
The common element of these programs is that each is crafted to serve the appropriate needs of the community for the prevention and control of gang problems. Work Cited Calhoun, J. (2006) Proven Pathways to Violence Prevention. Reclaiming Children and Youth, Vol. 15(1) pg. 19. Eddy, J. , Reid, J. & Fetrow, R. (2000) An Elementary School-Based Prevention Program Targeting Modifiable Antecedents of Youth Delinquency and Violence: Linking the Interests of Families and Teachers Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, Vol. 8 (3) Pg. 165.
Operation Cease Fire: Deterring Youth Firearm Violence (1998) Boston Police Department retrieved July 27th, 2009 from Center For problem-Oriented Policing website: http://www. popcenter. org/library/awards/goldstein/1998/98-08(W). pdf Spergel, I. et. al. (1994) Gang Suppression and Intervention: Community Models Retrieved July 27th, 2009 from The National Criminal Justice Research Service Website: http://www. ncjrs. gov/pdffiles/gangcorr. pdf Weisel, D. L. , and Painter, E. (1997). The Police Response to Gangs: Case Studies of Five Cities. Washington, DC: Police Executive Research Forum.