The first thing that comes to our mind after hearing the word suicide is that any person who is not able to cope up with the surroundings and eventually results in intentionally causing one’s own death. This happens due to some basic reasons which are depression, anxiety disorders, substance abuse including alcoholism, mental disorder and other factors. Those who have attempted suicide one time in their lifeline are at higher risk for future attempts.
Socio-economic problems such as unemployment, poverty, homelessness, and discrimination are also some of the major factors that bring idea about suicide in human mind. In present era, suicide has been used on rare occasions as a form of protest. In past, for example: Sati, a practice outlawed by the British Raj, expected the Indian widow to kill herself on her husband’s funeral fire, either willingly or under pressure from her family and society was used as an act of suicide. The history and current scenario about suicide shows us that it has been used more as an option rather than the unwillingness of a person.
Suicide is generally most common among those over the age of 70; however, in certain countries, those aged between 15 and 30 are at the highest risk. This data is correct in some ways as young people are taking the option of suicide rather than facing the problem but old age people are leaving this option due to their limited life remaining. Approximately 0.5% of people die by suicide. In a given year this is roughly 12 per 100,000 people. Rates of completed suicides are generally higher among men than among women, ranging from 1.5 times as much in the developing world to 3.5 times in the developed world.
Suicide often stems from a deep feeling of hopelessness. The inability to see solutions to problems or to cope with challenging life circumstances may lead people to see taking their own lives as the only solution to what is really a temporary situation, and most survivors of suicide attempts go on to live full, rewarding lives. If a person deemed at risk due to any of the above exhibits sudden mood changes—even a suddenly upbeat mood—or completely new behaviors, they may be actively suicidal. Those who speak about being a burden to others, having no reason to live, feeling trapped or in unbearable pain may also be contemplating suicide.