While many attempts have been made to fight organized crime in the US, success has been slow. One of the reasons for the failure in fighting organized crime is pursuit by law-enforcement officers of what Potter (1987) calls “an alien conspiracy theory”. This theory makes law enforcement officers perceive players in organized crime as being members of distinct ethnic and cultural groups with very complex organizational structures. Potter (1987) argues that such organizations are in fact loosely structured operations which are generally small and only respond to illicit market forces.
One way therefore to deal with organized crime is to correct imperfections in the markets. Organized criminal activities like loan sharking can be controlled by government subsidies to financial institutions to offer small loans to people of little means at reasonable interest rates. Terrorism is recognized as one of the greatest threats to America today. Terrorism is organized by criminals operating on a global level who are able to exploit the lack of powerful governmental structures in the areas they operate.
One of the biggest grounds of operation for terrorists is Somalia. Somalia is ideal for the planning of terror operations and recruitment of new members mainly because there has been no government in that country for many years. To handle the international terrorism network that uses Somalia as a base for operations, the government should actively participate in the creation of democratic structures that will enable the creation of a credible government that will dismantle the terrorist cells and disarm the militias which run Somalia.
Support should also be given to governments in the neighboring countries to strengthen their policing activities and to increase their ability to fight terrorist elements in their midst. This will considerably weaken the criminal elements who plan terrorism on a global scale. While President Obama’s biggest political headaches are expected to come from terrorist groups in far-away places, Smith (2009), quoting a Mexican official, argues that Mexico could pose the biggest headache because of the strength and sophistication of the drug cartels in the country and their ability to smuggle drugs into the US.
The troubles in Mexico are compounded by infiltration of the government by Mafia forces. The US government should therefore increase the ability of Mexican law enforcement forces to apprehend and prosecute criminal elements and in this way reduce the impact of the drug cartels in the US. Weakening of the Mexican Mafia will lead to reduction in the number of people killed by the drug dealers and also in the number of arms finding their way into the country.
Currently, it is estimated that as many as 2,000 weapons are smuggled into Mexico daily (Smith, 2009). Improving Mexico’s ability to handle crime has long-term benefits in the war against organized crime. However, attempts to increase funding for operations in a foreign country are likely to face serious opposition from opposition politicians owing to the current Economic crisis. References Dijk, J. V. (n. d). Controlling organized crime and corruption in the public sector. Retrieved April 7 2009 from http://www.
unodc. org/pdf/crime/forum/forum3_Art1. pdf Friman, H. R. (2003). Caught up in the madness? State power and transnational organized crime in the work of susan strange. Alternarives:Global, local, political, 28(4), 473+ Loftin, L. (2009). Issue of the day: Organized crime still a priority for fbi. Project America. Retrieved April 7, 2009 from http://www. project. org/blog/? p=889 “Organized crime” (2004) Oregon coast magazine online. Retrieved April 7, 2009 from http://www. u-s-history. com/pages/h1596. html
“Organized crime” (2007). The Columbia encyclopedia, 6th ed. Columbia university press: New York. Potter, G. (1987). Controlling organized crime: A critique of law enforcement policy. Sage journals online. Retrieved April 7, 2009 from http://cjp. sagepub. com/cgi/content/abstract/2/3/269 Smith, R. J. (March 18 2009). U. S. Efforts against Mexican cartels called lacking. The Washington post. Retrieved April 7, 2009 from http://www. washingtonpost. com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/03/17/AR2009031701997. html