Multiple and single bias hate crimes are recorded by the law enforcement agencies in various states. The Uniform Crime Reporting Program is one of the agencies which is tasked with collecting information on these forms of crimes. It is important to analyze the difference between multiple and single bias hate crimes. Single bias crimes are the crimes which are motivated by the same factor. These are incidences which can be classified as hate crimes and they occur due to motivation from a similar bias. Multiple bias crimes are crimes which are committed due to influence from different motivators.
In 2007, 7624 hate crimes were reported to 2025 law enforcement agencies in California. The number of incidences which were reported was 8999, and the number of single bias incidences reported was 7621. There were 6962 offenders and 9527 victims. There were seven reported cases of three multiple bias incidences and these involved three offenders and eight victims. Of the 7621 cases of single bias which were reported, 50. 8% involved race as the major motivator, 18. 4% involved religion as the major motivator, 16. 6% were motivated by sexual orientation, 13.2% resulted from national origin and ethnicity while 1% of the hate crimes were motivated by disability. Further analysis revealed that of the 8999 single bias hate crimes which were reported, 52. 5% were motivated by race, 16. 4% were attributed to religion, 16. 2% were caused by sexual orientation, 14% were attributable to ethnicity while 0. 9% of the hate crimes were caused by disabilities.
Racial bias. In 2007, 4724 of the hate crimes which were reported to the law enforcement agencies were attributable to race as the major motivation to the crime.
Most of these crimes were targeted at black people, and they constituted 69. 3% of the crimes. The proportion of crimes which targeted white people was 18. 4% while those which targeted Pacific Islanders and Asian people were 4. 6%. The proportion of hate crimes targeting multiple races or groups were 6% while those which targeted Alaskan natives or American Indian was 1. 6%. Religion bias. Most of these crimes were targeted at Jewish people, and they constituted 68. 4% of the crimes.
The proportion of crimes which targeted other religions was 9.5% while those which targeted people of Islamic descent were 9%. The proportion of hate crimes which were targeted at Catholics was 4. 4% while those which targeted multiple groups or religions were 4. 3%. Finally, hate crimes which targeted Protestants was 4% and those which targeted Atheists were 0. 4%.
Sexual orientation. Most of these crimes were targeted at male homosexuals, and they constituted 59. 2% of the crimes. The proportion of crimes which targeted homosexuals in general was 24. 8% while those which targeted female homosexuals were 12. 6%. The proportion of hate crimes targeted at heterosexuals was 1. 8% while those which targeted bisexuals were 1. 6%. National origin or ethnicity. Of the total number of incidences of crime hate which were reported to the law enforcement agencies, 1256 of them were attributed to the perceived national origin or ethnicity of the victim. Most of these crimes were directed at Hispanics, and they constituted 61. 7% of the crimes. The proportion of crimes which targeted at other nationalities or ethnic groups was 38. 3%.