Hello, my speech this evening is to inform you guys, my audience, how state laws are made. I Feel like this is an important subject because there might be people who dont understant what it actually takes and what a bill goes through to be actualy taking into consideration to becoming a staten law. well with that said. : Laws have existed since the biginning of civilization. In the U. S laws are made at different levels, usually connected with a govermental entity. Cities, counties and federal goverment all make laws.
State laws are created by a states governing body. Bills that will be intorduced to be passed into law begin with an idea or recommendation given a number and carries the name os the lawmaker who filed the legislation. Every bill is assigned to a comitee taht oversees the area of law to which the bill refers. The bill must be read and passed out of commitee before it is sent to the House Of Representatives . House of represnatives are made up of people elected from each state based on population.
For example california has the most because California is a bigger state. Thisis based soley on population. A commitee can ask to hear a testimony from agencies or individuals with a stake in legislation. Usually the lawmaker ho filed the bill will adress the committee about merits of the proposed law. A bill can be changed or “marked up” before it leaves committee. Depending on wether the bill was filed by a senator or House member-where bill orignated- the legislative body must accept the commitee report before the bill is read.
The bill must then be placed on the offivila calendar for first readingof a vote of a legislative body. If the body votes aye, the bill is placed on the daily calendar. for its second reading. After the second reading a bill can be debated and amended on the floor. Any lawmaker can add an amendment to a bill. Most states have requirments that the amendment must pertain to the orginal intent of the proposed bill. Once a bill passes a second reading, it is again placed on the calendar for a third and final reading and a vote of the full legislative body.
If the bill passes, it is then sent on to another legislative body. For example, a billl that passes the House is then sent to Senate. Senate consists of 2 senators of each state, adding up to 100 in total. The presiding officer then assigns the bill to its own legislative body committee, where it is subjecteed to the same steps as in earlier committees. A bill can be changed before a report is sent to the full body. A bill then again goes through the same process, being placed on the calendar, debated , amended and assed on the third and final readiung.
The bill is then returned to where it origanated, where then lawmakers can chooses to accept the changes made to the bill along the way, or they can send the bill back to a joint or conference committee which are made up of both House and senate members for debate and amendment. Once all changed have been argued in committee, the bill is agin placed on the calendar of the originated body read and voted upon. If the bill passes, it is sent to the governors office for a signature . A governor can sign or veto or in other words reject the bill. Once the bill is signed it bceomes a law on the date set forth on the legislation.
If vetoed the bill is returned to the originating body, which can then try to overide the veto by a two thirds majority. It must alos pass the second legislative body by a two-thirds vote in order to ovveride the veto. In conclusion, state laws have to be reviewd by alot of commitees and alot of people before it can actually be passed into governors office and into a law. The bill has to be well put and brought together for committees that are going to review the bill can really understand what the people who are proposing the bill really want and how they can compromise changes ont the bill.