Standard tripartite investigation of crime and drugs

Legal drugs raise pharmaceutical discussions regarding effects and side effects. Illegal drugs force assessment of additional subjects, together with where production, trafficking, and consumption are taking place and under what circumstances. (Gene Stephens, 1992). Thus, a thought of "drugs and crime" is a necessary prelude to considering everything else regarding illicit drugs. Illegal drugs—whether produced, consumed, or trafficked—and crime walks hand in hand.

This is so in part due to drug-control laws, in part due to some drugs' psychopharmacological properties, and in part due to the nature of a given culture and society and how traffickers decide or are allowed to operate in such cultures and societies. (Gene Stephens, 1992). Drug-control laws as well as illegal-drug consumption combine to make a worldwide black market in which overwhelming amounts of money are made and extensive criminal behavior takes place. (Gene Stephens, 1992).

Applying plus avoiding the law in relationship to addiction, abuse, and pleasure seeking from drugs' psychopharmacological properties come into view to induce most drug-related criminal behavior. Of all criminal activity related with the illegal-drug trade—from production and consumption to trafficking—trafficking is definitely the most significant due to the amount of underground money concentrated in somewhat few hands and due to the way many traffickers decide to spend or invest it.

(Inciardi, J (ed), 1999) A number of drugs are illegal by definition—national, state, and provincial legislatures and some dictatorships have so designated them. Among these are cocaine, heroin, a variety of forms of cannabis, and several "designer drugs" for example methamphetamine. Producing, consuming, and trading these drugs are at present illegal or are sharply curtailed in the majority countries, a position seconded by international conventions and multilateral treaties. (Inciardi, J (ed), 1999)

Efforts by law-enforcement agents to pertain antidrug laws and by people in the illegal-drug business to avoid those laws make crimes—providing or consuming an illegal product, or illegally depriving, disrupting, or destroying people, property, as well as institutions in the process of servicing or prohibiting a market. (Inciardi, J (ed), 1999) Were it not for the laws, the production, consumption, and trade of drugs would not be illegal and consequently not criminal. However crimes might still result.

Drug-related crimes emanate from more than simple legislative artifacts that parliaments may make and unmake in accordance with their political will. (Pamela J. Shoemaker, 1989). A number of addictive drugs (e. g. , crack cocaine) have psychopharmacological properties that may tempt violent behavior against children, spouses, the unborn, and random bystanders. Even if drugs were legal, wholesalers might compete for markets and territory, spreading some of the violence and corruption that at present accompany the illegal trade.

(Pamela J. Shoemaker, 1989). Thus, whether from some drugs' psychopharmacological properties or from the truth that production, trafficking, and consumption are illegal and sometimes escorted by marketing violence, crimes are committed. The large amount of money associated with producing, trading, consuming, and banning illicit drugs makes the magnitude of criminal behavior and its penalty of more than passing note. (Pamela J. Shoemaker, 1989).

In principal consuming areas for example North America and Western Europe, it is now almost popular to mention a tripartite classification scheme of psychopharmacological effects, economic-compulsive drives, as well as systemic violence to recognize the relationship of drugs to crime, mainly violent crime against people and property. The psychopharmacological dimension, mainly with crack cocaine, relates to people's becoming illogical, excited, agitated, impetuous, uncontrollably angry, and physically abusive, even to the point of committing murder.

(Joseph F. Sheley, James D. Wright, 1995). The economic-compulsive dimension is associated with criminal acts to get money for personal drug consumption (for example through burglaries and robberies). The systemic dimension relates to drug syndicates, associations, gangs, and smugglers protecting their product or turf from law-enforcement officials or from each other by whatever means necessary. (Gene Stephens, 1992). We must add a fourth dimension to this standard tripartite investigation of crime and drugs.

This relates to police forces, militaries, drug enforcement agents, border-patrol officers, judges, plus politicians at all levels who either look for personal gain from public office or otherwise permit themselves to be corrupted by greed and rationalization. This part of the drugs-crime nexus is becoming more upsetting globally for the reason that personal resistance to underground money emerges to be declining. (Joseph F. Sheley, James D. Wright, 1995).