Stake holders

Apparently, the general American public engage in growing fruits and vegetables and those engage in selling fresh fruits are the primary stakeholders in the proposed law. The document entitled “Proposed Law” published by the Department of Agriculture emphasized that papaya importation from Columbia and Ecuador will be limited to commercial consignments to prevent pest infestations. The document noted that noncommercial consignments can be dangerous and it might introduce injurious plant pests into the continental United (Proposed Rules).

In other words, the immediate stakeholders are the Fruits and plant and growers and the fruit and vegetable industry in the Continental United States. In the wider sense, the general American public stands to be the stakeholder of the proposed rules because everyone can be affected incase pests identified by PRA followed paths in the United States and contaminates other fruits not derived grown in the United States. It may result to limited supply of fruits that will lead to price increase. Dangers of South American fruit fly, and med fly

Insecta: Diptera : Tephritidae more popularly known as the South American fruit fly is very dangerous pests not to human safety but to fruits growing plants. According to biological studies of this insect, they generally lay eggs beneath the of the host plant. This insect attacked fruits in a way not easily detected specially during the early stage of infestation. A document prepared by CABI and EPPO for the European Union, it noted that when this insect attacked fruit, a great deal of damaged may take place before outward symptoms manifests (Data Sheets Quarantine Pests).

That is, fruits attacked by this insect will be rotting already inside before it could be discovered. The med fly short for Mediterranean fly, with scientific name Ceratitis capitata is believed to have come from Europe’s Mediterranean region. This insect according to a case study entitled “Two current California Problems: The Mediterranean Fruit Fly and The Red Imported Fire Ant” feeds on various types of soft fruits such citrus (Bio 462 – Case Studies).

In a paper Published by the University of Arizona entitled “The Arizona Citrus News Letter” Entomologist David Kerns identified Mediterranean fruit fly “Medfly” as among “the world’s most destructive pests” (The Arizona Citrus News Letter). Kerns also identified this insect as the speediest invader and it can survive even in cooler climate and it attacks vegetables and ornamental plants aside from 260 different fruits making this insect the most economically important among fruit fly species. Reference

Bio-462 Case Studies Two Current California Problems: The Mediterranean fruit fly and the Red Imported Fire Ant http://www. sci. sdsu. edu/classes/bio462/case. html Data, Sheets on Quarantine Pest CABI and EPPO Anastrepha Fratercltus http://74. 6. 146. 127/search/cache? ei=UTF-8&p=Dangers+of+South+American+fruit+fly&y=Search&rd=r1&fr=yfp-t-101&u=www. eppo. org/QUARANTINE/insects/Anastrepha_fraterculus/ANSTFR_ds. pdf&w=dangers+danger+south+american+fruit+fly+flies&d=B4s_RUxISqwU&icp=1&. intl=ph