Somaliland – Recognition in International Law

Territorial integrity is given considerable cognizance in international law. This is due to the fact that the comity of nations is hesitant of according recognition to territorial borders, if such recognition has the possibility of generating additional claims and generating unexpected territorial competition between the states involved. Territorial integrity is also important to avert any violence in respect of borders. Although Somaliland had fulfilled the criteria of the Montevideo Convention, it is still considered as part and parcel of a larger state that had already been granted recognition by the international community.

As such, grant of statehood entails a claim of right, which seeks escape from several detrimental issues like oppression and which seeks to establish self determination . The international community has time and again revealed its penchant to subscribe to double standards. Somaliland is a recent example of this reprehensible trend on the part of the international community. This state’s claim for independent statehood has not been acceded to by the comity of nations, which proclaims the maintenance of peace, stability and democratic institutions as their avowed objective.

This highly commendable aim, fails to translate into action in the case of Somaliland . There is no legal justification for such denial and merely represents wishful thinking on the part of the UN and regional entities that Somaliland may at some stage or the other, rejoin Somalia. Such iniquitous and negligent measures have been in continuance for the past sixteen years. This has resulted in the continuation of anarchy, despondency, famine, violence, terrorism and factional fighting in Somalia.

On hindsight, it is evident, that if Somaliland had been accorded recognition, then these depredations would have ceased forthwith . At the moment, Somalia has no peace and Somaliland continues to be unrecognised. The African Union and the United Nations stand indicted as the perpetrators of this inequity, which continues to unjustly castigate the people of not only Somalia but also Somaliland. The only solution to this problem is to accord immediate recognition to Somaliland .

Indeed, it is extremely distressing to note that even after three decades of ill – treatment, torture, massacres and degradation, the comity of nations deems it fit to continue the very conditions that have brought about this situation. Justice demands that the people of Somaliland are recognised as an independent state, and the people of this country have spared no effort to prove their eligibility in this regard .

Bibliography Abdi Aziz, Somaliland Appeals Justice to the Regional and International, 18 September 2008, retrieved 26 December 2008, < php? option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=24>. Christopher C. Joyner, International Law in the 21st Century: Rules for Global Governance, Published by Rowman& Littlefield, 2005 Eugene Cotran, ‘Legal Problems arising out of the formation of the Somali Republic’, The International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. 12, 1963 Jawahir Adam, Somaliland: a window to the future, 21-11-2006, retrieved 26 December 2008, <http://www. opendemocracy. net/democracy-africa_democracy/somaliland_4114. jsp>.