The types of crime had had more widespread dangers to civil society both in term of human cost and tax dollar, is White collar crime, and which conflict had more extensive consequences such as death, harm, and cost, etc. Approaching the situation by comparing and contrasting toward crime and the differences are probably readily apparent, but to understand we need to view the perspective with conflict versus functional theory. Furthermore, Society requires developing ways to threat deviance in a humane and comprehensive way.
Deviance is inevitable, the large issues are to find ways to protect society and people from deviant behaviors that are harmful to themselves or other, to tolerate those behaviors that are not harmful, and to develop system of fairer treatment for deviants. (Henshlin, 158) The types of crime had more widespread dangers to civil society both in term of human cost and tax dollar, is White collar and which had more extensive consequences. Professor Edwin Hardin Sutherland (1949) was the first to coin the term, and hypothesize white-collar criminals attributed different characteristics and motives than typical street criminals.
White collar is a financial motivated, economic, non violent crime committed for illegal monetary gain as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation. For instance, one of the most notorious corporate crimes was committed by Ford executives in Houston kept faulty Firestone tires on their Explores that cost the lives of 200 people, and not one executive spent even a single day in jail. In contrast with street crime committed by poor individuals financial motivated to commit crime if they are caught stealing cars it’s more likely that they will be sent to prison for years (p. 45 -146).
Furthermore, “The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison”, this article is very true in the way that the poor get discriminated on in almost every aspect of life. This gives them little to no chance of coming out of this class and advancing in life just like in the demographic material “Books not Bars”, according with Vincent Schiraldi President Justice Police Institute. D. C. Black youth are 48 times as likely to be incarcerating when arrested for drug offence, and Latino kids are 13 times as likely to get locked up as Whites kids on drug ffenses. Black and Latinos matters less than white kids.
Comparing and contrasting toward crime and the differences are probably readily apparent but to understand we need to view the perspective with conflict versus functional theory. Just like Mills, W (1959) “The sociological imagination [perspective] enables us to grasp the connection between history and biography. ” By history, meant that each society is located in a board stream of events. (p. 4). Social perspective helps understand all the factors in need to adjust and survived.
According with “The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison,” this article stated, “poverty is the source of crime, even if we do not know it creates crime-and yet we do nothing about improving the life changes of the vast majority of the inner city poor. Poverty exists in wealthy society like ours because we allow it to exist! In 1970, the poorest fifth of the nation’s families received 5. 4 % of aggregate income, and the riches fifth had risen to 41. 6%. By 1996 the share of the poorest fifth of the top 5 percent raised from 15. 1% to 20. 1%. By 1995 the number of poor Americans was 36. million and today exceeds 59 million Americans.
Unemployed has gone up and down over the past two decades, unemployment at the bottom of society remains strikingly worse than the national average. Over the past, 25 years black unemployment has remained twice the rate of whites’ unemployment. In 1967 3. 7% of white were unemployed, and 7. 4% of blacks. By 1997 4. 2% of white workers and 10% of blacks today, black unemployment remains at 10% among those in crime prone years 16-19 12. 7% of whites’ youngsters and 31. 6%. More than one of every black youngster was jobless.
An important sociological framework is the conflict theory. Unlike the structural functional theory, which views society as a peaceful unit, conflict theory interprets society as a struggle for power between groups engaging in conflict for limited resources. Karl Marx is the founder of conflict theory. (p. 6) Conflict theorists like Marx hypothesize that there are two general categories of people in industrialized societies: the capitalist class and the working class. (p. 6) The Capitalist class alludes to the criminal justice system to support their claim. The capitalist class passes laws designed to benefit themselves.
These same laws are detrimental to the working class. Both groups commit acts of deviance, but the system the capitalists created defines deviance differently for each group. The criminal justice system judges and punishes each group differently. In addition, the elite can often afford expensive lawyers. Members of the working class generally do not have these advantages. Furthermore, conflict theorists also look at the types of crimes committed by members of the two classes. The working class is more likely to commit so-called street crime, such as robbery, assault, or murder.
Members of the elite are less likely to commit acts of violence but more likely to engage in white-collar crime, or nonviolent crime committed by the capitalist class during the course of their occupations. (p. 145) White-collar criminals are sometimes able to use their power and influence to avoid prosecution. Because of their social and economic power, white-collar criminals rarely face criminal prosecution as we saw with Ford executives they are more likely to pay a fine as punishment for their crime. In contrast with poor people they acquire prosecuted, they are much likely receiving a prison sentence.
Furthermore, society requires developing ways to threat deviance in a humane and comprehensive way. The people in positions of power put together the laws to create laws to benefit themselves. According to the conflict view of deviance, when rich and powerful people are accused of wrong doing, they have the means to hire lawyers, and other people who can help them avoid being labeled as deviant. Lastly, members of a society generally believe that laws are inherently fair, which can draw attention away from the possibility that these laws might be unfairly applied or that a law itself might not be good.
Deviance is a normal and necessary part of any society, but to prevent a special problem we need to provide to members of the working class skills in a comprehensive ways to eliminate street crimes among youths, from this class most of the prison inmates in the Unites States according with “Books not Bars”. Not only does the United States have more prisoners than any other nation in the world, but it also has a large percent age of it population in prison as well (Warrant et al 2008).
As the violent crime rate soared in the 1980s, Americans grew fearful. They demand that their lawmakers do something and they responded with “three-strikes” law. Judges are not allowed to consider the circumstances and some sentences carry life imprisonment. (p. 151). The lawmakers should provided laws to members of working class by create sources they can be rehabilitate into society. It’s clearly to view that with the three strike laws has severally dropped crimes but at what cost in the most extreme measurements.