There are similarities and differences between the federal government and the state governments. Both governments and their leaders, the President and the Governor, are guided by Constitutions, though the US Constitution applied by the federal government is more powerful that the Constitution of the State of Texas. The states cannot make decisions and polices that conflict with the national Constitution. Also, both governments have the same three branches of government namely the executive, the legislature and the judiciary.
Nevertheless, while the federal government handles major issue that affect the United States as a country, the state governments are mainly concerned with the issues that are primarily relevant to the people living in those particular states such as education or even family law. (Hunter, 2006) As far as efficiency and effectiveness is concerned, the two governments can be said to be successful in their own right. Moreover, the state governments serve as the proving ground for issues and initiatives that later gain national acceptance.
(Hunter, 2006) However, the Governors in the state governments are only concerned with those particular issues that affect the people living in those states directly. As for the federal government, at the end of the day the President has to make decisions that resonate well with most people in the US regardless of the state they live in. Take the issue of foreign policy for instance. Not all people supported the idea of war in Iraq, however, the Bush administration chose to go through with it anyway.
The result was that he lost the support of the people and became unpopular. The fact that there are differences especially in the functions of the federal US government and the state government of Texas has important ramifications. First of all, what it means is that, the federal government is then left to concentrate with issues that are of utmost important such as defense and the coining of money activities which require huge budgets. The state governments deal with the minor issues.
It allows for the clear separation of powers as that states cannot engage in what is primarily the work of the federal government. (Hunter, 2006) However, sometimes jurisdictions may overlap. Congress has it within its powers to make decisions that affect the states which means that sometimes decisions may be made that may result in confusion over who should essentially be responsible for what. (Flores III, Kelley, Ritvo & Sugiyama, 1997) The policies of the federal government have more impact on the domestic and foreign affairs in the US.
This is because these policies are guided by the United States Constitution and all other laws fall subject to it. Thus, the policies made by the President of the United States occupy primary status compared to those made by the Texas Governor. (Shaffrey & Fonda, 2002) Thus it is the President who holds power and is in control. This is because he has the backing of the Constitution, the supreme authority in the land. Governments are indeed the machinery through which countries and nation are run, the federals and state governments are a truly attest to this.
With the leadership of the President and the Governors respectively, policies are made at the central and state government level that ensure the smooth running of the country. However, the policies made by the federal government reign supreme for the simple reason that the President posses the formal powers granted to him by the American constitution, the supreme law of the land. However, the Governor is also granted powers by the Constitution of his state. Thus, while the President and the Governor may perform more or less the same functions, the difference lies in the magnitude.
The Presidents policies affect many more people than those made by the Governor. It is significant that the Governor can make policies and laws within his state because then the President has only to deal with the most important issues that the country is facing at any particular time. References. About. com. (2008). The basic structure and functions of the United States federal government. About. com. November, 11 2008, http://usgovinfo. about. com/od/rightsandfreedoms/u/gov101. htm Flores III, G. , Kelley, M. , Ritvo, A. R. & Sugiyama, N. B. (1997).
Local Government Structure and Function in Texas and the United States. November, 11 2008, http://uts. cc. utexas. edu/~rhwilson/fiscalprp/structure. html. Hunter, B. (2006). US Governors head American ‘laboratories of democracy’. America. gov. November, 11 2008, http://www. america. gov/st/usg-english/2006/November/20061130185038abretnuh0. 9418451. html. Shaffrey, M. & Fonder, M. (2002). The complete idiots guide to American Government. Holiday, FL: Alpha. USA. gov. (2008). US federal government. USA. gov. November, 11 2008, http://www. usa. gov/Agencies/federal. shtml.