The personal crime of mayhem involves violent injury infliction on a thing or a person, or assault that is intended to maim or disfigure the victim. A perpetrator of mayhem can only be prosecuted and charged with it, if she or he has maliciously, intentionally unlawfully ejected or rendered or disfigured the victim’s finger, hand, ear, leg or any other body part. Mayhem is considered as one of the most serious felony charges an individual can be charged with. It is a personal crime which requires getting very personal and close to the victim. Mayhem is a serious crime and is not closely related to other personal crimes.
However, there are some aspects of this crime that are related to other personal crimes. Mayhem leads to permanent physical damage on the victim; it can therefore be compared to statutory crime whereby the minor involved as a victim suffers greatly both physically and psychologically. Mayhem is also related to the personal crime of assault. In both cases, the victim is physically assaulted, however, the physical confrontation and contact in mayhem is much greater compared to assault (Lippman, 2009). Rape is one of the worst personal crimes, which is mostly experienced by women and girls.
It is sexual intercourse that takes place without the victim’s consent and it therefore occurs against the victim’s will. Rape concerns control as well as a personal crime of significant personal violence. In some jurisdictions the definition of rape has been extended to cover sexual intercourse between spouses without the consent of one of the parties. Absence of consent is the main element in virtually all cases concerning rape. In most states, rape is considered to be a sexual assault. Rape is related to other personal crimes such as assault and battery since in virtually all rape cases, the victim is first threatened.
Force is also applied just like in these two personal crimes; the rapist is usually much stronger than the rape victim and therefore forces him self into her without her consent. Rape is also closely related to statutory rape because in both cases, there is no mutual concept from both parties (Starr, 2007). Statutory rape is yet another common type of personal crime. In several jurisdictions, statutory rape is applied to describe any sexual activities, in which one of the participants has not attained the legal age deemed to enable him or her have the capacity to consent to sexual acts.
Although statutory rape refers to instances of adults involving themselves in sexual activities with minors, the term is generic and only a few jurisdictions apply the term as sexual assault. Statutory rape has a close relation with rape in that in both cases there is lack of victim’s consent. Even though one might argue that the victim in statutory crime had consented to the sexual activity, legally, a minor does not have the capacity to consent to sexual acts. In circumstances when the perpetrator of statutory rape uses force, the personal crime can be compared to other crimes such as assault where force and threats are applied (Bailey, n. d. ).
Conclusion Personal crimes constitute some of the worst types of ordeals one can go through. A victim suffers both physically and psychologically as a result of such crimes. Virtually all types of these crimes have the effect of lowering one’s dignity and thus constitute significant mental torture to the victim. Most of the personal crimes are related to each other in the manner through which they are perpetrated as well as the manner in which the victim suffers. Reference: Bailey, C. E. (n. d. ):
Personal Crimes, Retrieved on 13th May 2010 from, http://www. cityofindependence. org/forms/police/crime_prevention/Personal%20Crimes. pdf. Gottfredson, M. R. & Hirschi, T. (1990): A general theory of crime, ISBN 0804717745, Stanford University Press. Lippman, M. (2009): Contemporary Criminal Law: Concepts, Cases, and Controversies, ISBN 1412981298, SAGE. Starr, S. (2007): Extraordinary Crimes at Ordinary Times: International Justice beyond Crisis Situations, Journal article of Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 101