William Shakespeare was a great English playwright, dramatist and poet that lived in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Shakespeare is considered to be the greatest playwright of all time. No other writer's plays have been produced so many times or read so widely in so many countries as his have. Shakespeare was born into a middle class family. His father, John, was a Straford businessman. He was a glove maker who owned a leather shop. John Shakespeare was a well known and respected man in the town that upheld several important local government positions. William's mother was Mary Arden.
Even though Mary was the daughter of a local farmer, she was related to a family of considerable wealth and social standing. Mary Arden and John Shakespeare were married in 1557. William Shakespeare was born in Straford in 1564. He was one of eight children. The Shakespeare's were well respected, prominent people. When William Shakespeare was about seven years old, he began attending the Straford Grammar School with the other boys of his social class. The schools were run on year round schedules and they ran for nine hours everyday. Even though Shakespeare spent the long hours at school, his boyhood was very fascinating.
Straford was a lively town, and during holidays it was known to put on pageants and many popular shows. It also held several large fairs during the year. It was a quaint little town that was an exciting place to live. Straford also had fields and woods surrounding it that gave William the opportunity to hunt and trap small game. The River Avon which ran through the town allowed him to fish also. Shakespeare's poems and plays show his love of nature and rural life which reflect his childhood. On November 28, 1582, Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway of the neighboring village of Shottery.
She was 26, and he was only 18 at the time. They had three children. Susana was their first, they then had twins, Hamnet and Judith. Hamnet, Shakespeare's son, died in 1596. In 1607, his daughter, Susana, got married. Shakespeare's other daughter, Judith, got married in 1616. In London, Shakespeare's career took off. He became well known in London theatrical life by 1592. By that time, he had joined one of the city's repertory theater companies. These companies were made up of o permanent cast of actors who presented different plays week after week.
The companies were commercial organizations that depended on admission from their audience. Scholars know that Shakespeare belonged to one of the most popular acting companies in London called " The Lord Chamberlain's Men. " Shakespeare was a leading member of the group from 1594 for the rest of his career. By 1594, at least six of Shakespeare's plays had been produced. During Shakespeare's life, there were two monarchs who ruled England. The were Henry VIII and Elizabeth I. Both were impressed with Shakespeare, which made his name known.
There is evidence that he was a member of a traveling theater group, and a schoolmaster. In 1594, he became an actor and playwright for "Lord Chamberlain's Men. " In 1599, he became a part owner of the prosperous Globe Theater. He was also a part of the Blackfriars Theater as of 1609. Shakespeare retired to Straford in1613 where he wrote many of his excellent plays. There are many reasons as to why William Shakespeare is so famous. He is generally considered to be both the greatest dramatist the world has ever known, as well as the finest poet who has written in the English language.
Many reasons can also be given for his enormous appeal. His fame comes from his basic understanding of the human nature. He was able to find universal human qualities and put them in a dramatic situation, creating characters that are timeless. Yet, he had the ability to create characters that were very individualized human beings. Their struggles in life are universal. In addition to his understanding and realistic view of human nature, Shakespeare had a vast knowledge of a variety of subjects. He knew a lot about music, law, Bible, stage, art, politics, history, hunting, and sports.
Shakespeare had tremendous influence on culture and literature throughout the world. He contributed greatly to the development of the English language. Many words and phrases from Shakespeare's plays and poems have become part of our speech. Shakespeare's plays and poems have become part of our required education in the United States. Therefore, his ideas on subjects such as romantic love, heroism, comedy and tragedy have helped shape the attitudes of millions of people. His portrayal of historical figures and events have influences out thinking more than what has been written in history books.
The world has admired and respected many great writers, but only Shakespeare has generated such enormous continuing interest. His plays are usually divided in the three categories of comedy, tragedy, and history. "the Comedy of Errors", "The Taming of the Shrew", and " The Two Gentlemen of Verone" are examples of his work that fall into the comedy category. "Romeo and Juliet", "Titus Andronicus", and "Julius Caesar" are all tragedy plays. "Henry V", "Richard II", and Richard III" are all of the history plays.