The line graph portrays three lines representing three types of crime: Criminal damage, property & fraud and violence. Out of the three the violence category would be considered the most serious. As the children have just entered their secondary education at the age of 12 – 13, 10 per cent of them are already involved in violence. There is a constant increase in violence. As you can see at the age of 16-17 there is a striking decline in the number of boys committing criminal damage and at the same time there is a upsurge in the number of boys committing violence.
This is because a large number of boys are unemployed after leaving school, and they can not find any other activity to pursue. The main trend you can see in the graph is the constant increase of the more serious crime out of the three: violence. However as they get older there is a sharp decline in criminal damage, because more youths have moved onto more serious offence, which is violence.
Another diagram was found, 'the dynamic theoretical model of crime, deviance and informal social control over the life course' based on Sampson and Laub, 1993 (Haines, K and Drakeford, M, 1998) which showed the risk factors identified which cause delinquency and how they contribute to influencing an individual to turn to crime at each state of their life. The diagram points out that when a child is born into an unstable family with low income, poor housing they are likely to have social problems. From here develops their social conduct and later taken to school.
The diagram shows the family as the foundation from where the child builds their social conduct. From gathering all the sources there was a clear link emerging between delinquency and social structure and the findings show very similar results. Our sources tell us that crime was the result of early delinquency stemmed from economic problems, where major influence factors determined delinquency such as poor housing, family etc. The statistics point out that greater proportions of young people commit crime out of all age groups and this is at the peakest when leaving school and late teens.
These were persistent offenders; petty crimes were not tackled before they moved on to more serious crime. The crime levels rise as they enter school, carries on increasing when they have reached serious offences. The Joseph Rowntree foundation survey, a very recent independent survey, found that delinquency begins with small anti-social activities at an early age and identified risk factors these youths were exposed to. Though delinquency could not be tackled at an earlier stage of the delinquent's life, they move on to more serious crimes.
So our argument from here leaned towards being more tough on the causes of crime inorder to be tough on crime. The qualitative information acquired from the sources, mainly textbooks, provided a deeper understanding of the topic. While from quantitative data gave an overview on a larger scale, where we can draw conclusions or ideas from. However, I found the qualitative research more useful in providing reasons to see where the problem was rooted. The resource that was uitilised the most effectively was the Internet. I was able to obtain very recent data; the results were quicker to obtain.
B i b l i o g r a p h y
Haines, K and Drakeford, M (1998) 'Young people and Youth Justice', MacMillan Press Ltd, London
North, P. (1985) 'An intoduction to sociology: people in society', Long Group Ltd, Great Britain
Heidensohn, Frances (1989) 'Crime and Society', MacMillan Education Ltd.
WWW.Epolitix.com/links The Joseph Rowntree Survey 2002
WWW.Homeoffice.gov.uk/rds.pdf/hors209.pdf Youth crime: key findings from 98/99 youth life style survey
Batty, D. (29/05/ 2002) 'Youth justice: the issue explained' WWW.Guardian.co.uk