Separation of Powers and Executive Branch

Chapter 8. 1. Compare, critically, the organization of Government in Canada and the United States. The parliamentary system is constructed of the crown, executive and legislative branch. The constitution monarchy is that the the Crown which is the Queen is represented by the GG. The executive branch are the PM and the Cabinet, in the Parliamentary system, they are elected members of the parliament. The legislative branch is parliament includes the opposition. This shows that the government is very complex. In the parliamentary system we have separation of powers meaning each branch is separate.

The US system is not as different as the Canadian system because check and balance. Example, president appoint judges. currently, congress refuse to confirm. 100 judges not confirm. 2. Should the office of the Crown be abolished? 3. Briefly describe the following: (i) Examples of Political statements of the Crown: The Crown is not political but neutral. Miss Clarkson , Crown in 1999 to 2005. In 2001, she sent a message congratulating two gay couple who married I Toronto. The GG Jean went to territories and ate raw seal liver and it was controversial.

(ii) Parliamentary conventions: In Section 13 confirms that the GG should be informed of the government’s agenda. ******** 4. Describe the functions of the Executive branch of Government. The Prime Minister is the head and most powerful. He is supported by the Cabinet also called the Privy Council. The Cabinet is made up of about 20 to 40 ministers. Ex: Harper has 39. In one sentence define the following: (i) Section 54: all laws in regards to revenues must originate from the House of Commons. (ii) Section 11: states that there shall be a council. This is not a convention. The Council shall advise the Crown.

(iii) PMO: us the most powerful. This is not mention in the Constitution. This is unwritten and a convention. 5. Describe a typical week in a session of Parliament. Mondays: House of Commons sits from 10 to 7. Remaining 4 days: House of Commons: 11 to 7. Behins everyday with 45 mins question period which is very lively. There is a 15 mins set aside for members statements. 60 seconds for statements. And 5 hours for a private ember Bills. Another 4 hours for opposition to pursue specific issues. If the PM is absent the oppostion is absent as well in the House of Commons. They have pairings.

In the HofC has a procedure called the filibuster, this is when the opposition tries to prevent the passing of a bill by raising objection. This can go on for days. For closure, the government can invoke closure. Closure is stopped, the votes are taken. 6. How is the Senate organized? Why is it controversial? The senate has 105 members. They are appointed by the PM. This is controversial because the Pm do not elect them. The debate to reform senate especially the NDP is abolish and the Conservative elect their Senate. The Supreme C ruled that all 10 province must agree on abolishing Senate.

The 7/50 rule ( general procedure) elected Senate or limited terms. Representation by regions: 4 regions Quebec 24 senators, Ontario 24 senators, the West which is Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba has 24 members has 6 each. Maritimes, NB, NS, PEI has 10 10 and 4. New Foundland has 6 and the territories has 3 therefore 1 each. PM Trudeau in the late 1960’s ruled that senators can serve until 75 years. 7. Briefly describe the following: (i) Typical Parliamentary session (ii) How a Bill is passed. (P. 265 text) 8. What does a Member of Parliament do? (P. 260 Text) 9.

Compare the Canadian Political Party System to others. Use specific examples. 10. How are leaders of Canadian Political Parties selected? Use examples. 11. Elections are very expensive in Canada. How do Political Parties raise revenues to cover their expenses? 12. Briefly describe the following: (i) Nomination Process (ii) Voter turnout (iii) Orders In Council 13. Interest groups, according to some scholars, undermine the democratic system. Using examples, describe how this is done. ( P. 316-320 text) Note that questions 10 to 13 are from Chapter 9. Question 14 is from Chapter 10.