In most of state prisons and jails, inmates who are HIV-positive are separated from the other inmates and they are not allowed to mingle at any given moment. However, segregation of the HIV-positive inmates is moral. Firstly, it reduces the risks of further infection. If inmates who are infected are allowed to associate themselves with those who are not infected, there is likelihood that the HIV virus will spread widely. If more of the inmates are infected, then the management of the prison will incur a lot of cost in taking care of them while they are in the prison system.
Additionally, segregating of inmates who are HIV-positive is right because it reduces the risks of the officers in handling the inmates (Goyer, 2003). The prison officers can use the proper and appropriate protection when dealing with the infected prisoners. Maintaining of confidentiality of a HIV status is vital through segregation. Maintaining segregation will enhance the acceptance of HIV testing and treatment by jail and prison inmates.
Despite the fact that confidentiality is uncommon in any correctional setting, segregating the infected inmates will increase their confidence towards the correctional staff and this will enable them to access the medical staff for treatment. Nevertheless, the other inmates will be looking for the infected inmates to threaten them and target them for social abuse but through segregation the cases of social stigma that is associated with the disease are minimized.
By identifying and separating HIV positive prisoners, the prison officers will be able to provide increased health monitoring, additional observation of high risk behavior and protection from discrimination or violence from the other inmates. Therefore, segregation is for the positive inmate’s protection as well as it for the protection of the general prison population. Segregating of inmates who are HIV-positive will improve the effectiveness of health promotion in prisons and AIDS-related death rates in jails and state prisons will significantly decrease.
Conjugal and familial visitations In the family structure, it is important for a man and his wife to have frequent conjugal and familial visits. This is because the spouse of the inmate can go outside the marriage and have an affair if his/her conjugal rights have not been fulfilled. An affair and most probably a divorce can be very much upsetting to a prisoner especially if the inmate has a limited access to his or her children once released. This means that conjugal and familial visitations should be allowed in all the prisons as they serve as the best rehabilitative concepts.
Family support is very vital to the inmates. This is more especially to those inmates who are looking forward to correct the behavior that landed them behind bars in the first instance. Any inmate wants to feel that things will be different for them as family once he/she gets out (Odom, 2009). Therefore, a family unit must stay in close intact with the inmate and for that reason, familial visitation and conjugal visits must be allowed as they serve more as rehabilitative concepts.
However, conjugal and familial visitations will only be effective as rehabilitative concepts if the inmates are ready and willing to accept new core values and they also want to make a big change in their life. The current modules that are being offered in the prison system give all the tools and training for rehabilitation. Visitations help the prisoner psychologically and especially to the new inmates the deprivation of liberty can be burdensome. This is because they will feel bored, pathetic and regretful.
Therefore, visitation help heal those emotional stresses as it serves as a reminder of their conjugal and parental responsibilities and the inmate can change positively. Serial killers and violent sexual offenders Serial killers and violent sexual offenders should not be quarantined. This is because according to the law, everyone is equal and even in the prison; the prisoners should be treated equally. Every type of inmate in the prisons and jails should not be subjected to any kind of discrimination as the law protects everyone from any acts ofD. Nevertheless, quarantining serial killers is a major act of discrimination.
In the prison, there are other criminals who can be considered to have a graver crime being committed yet they are not quarantined. So as to avoid violating the Constitutional rights of equal protection, the act of quarantine should depend on the gravity of the crime, and serial killers and violent sexual offenders should not be only inmates who are quarantined. Additionally, quarantine is only applied when a person has a contagious disease like influenza and being a serial killer or sexual offender is not a disease but it is a kind of crime and thus they should not be quarantined (Rowley, 2005).
Sex offenders and serial killers may not do much harm to the other types of inmates. This is because of the limited weapons in the prisons which in turn limit the amount of damage they can do therefore, they need no special treatment. When serial killers and violent sexual offenders associate themselves with the other types if inmates they may learn some aspects of life from them and change their behaviors positively. Thus, it is not appropriate to quarantine serial killers and violent sexual offenders.
References Goyer, K. (2003). Policy options: HIV/ AIDS in prison, problems, policies and potential. Retrieved August 13 2010 from http://www. iss. co. za/pubs/monographs/No79/Chap2. html Odom, B (2009). Three common prison debate Questions. Retrieved August 13 2010 from http://www. associatedcontent. com/article/1856155/three_common_prison_debate_questions_pg2. html? cat=17 Rowley, D. (2005). Monsters in Our Midst. Retrieved August 13 2010 from http://pweb. jps. net/~gangale/opsa/sociology/MonstersInOurMidst. htm