Security should always be in the top priority of e-voting systems. Like chess, the people who implement the system should not let their guard down. Listed below are the objectives of security for e-voting systems that they should maintain: If the administrators can maintain these four objectives, the success of their implementation is not far from success. “Security is as important as reliability in guaranteeing the integrity of the voting process and public confidence in the system.
People do not use things in which they have no confidence. Losing confidence in elections means loosing confidence in our system of government. ” (Xenakis, Macintosh 2004 : p. 1) Having the list of the different disadvantages, risks and issues that we have in the previous pages , all of those are counted to be a security issue. Whenever the integrity of the system is questioned, the security of the system is damaged. Here are some of the security issues that administrators can encounter during system implementation.
Procedural Security Issues During 2003 to 2002 government e-voting done at UK, people and administrators encountered the following problems of procedural securities: • Lack of procedures to check vendor-installed systems for security breaches. • Government personnel not following the procedural security guidelines • Inadequate checking of voter provided data • Security is compromised because of usability issues such as the case of the voter authentication process • Lack of procedures to secure voter passwords and pin data.
• Lack of procedures to exclude double voting through multiple voting channels. • A multiplicity of processes which provide authorized administrator rights to voting systems and voting data without always providing traceability of administrators’ actions. (Xenakis, Macintosh 2004: p 6) How to overcome these security problems is a big challenge to all. The possible mechanisms that we can do to overcome these problems will be discussed in the recommendation part of the paper. Electronic Voting Security Attacks
Technical problems are natural for systems but it should not be an excuse for any downtime or pending. Fairweather and Rogerson (2004) refer the four main categories of technological problems that e-voting systems can encounter during implementation. • Denial of service attacks. Hackers could cause these by overloading a system with requests of information, thus preventing voters from casting their ballot. • Viruses or malicious software could corrupt voting software installed on client (voter) equipment, which could in turn disrupt the casting of votes.
• Hacking of servers could affect the integrity of the vote by breaking into computer systems with the purpose to alter, copy or damage data records and software. • Limitations to the system’s capacity to cope with peak demand during the voting period are purely based on the requirements set in designing e-voting systems and the efficiency of the system provided by the commercial suppliers. Administrators and system developers should always be aware of these technical problems. They can study for future technological advances and use other resources available to solve these issues to lessen the discomfort to the users.