E-voting only takes a small part of the whole election process. From a technical point of view, it only focuses on:
- Calling of elections.
- Registration of candidates
- Preparation of the polling list
- Voting proper
- The counting of votes
Auditing, reviewing and follow-up can also be a part of e-voting’s scope. Also, it is not the e-voting’s responsibility to campaign or influence people for an advantage of other people’s interest. (Tallin p. 4) Voting Setup In other words the input of the e-voting system is made up from:
a) Voter lists (including the polling division and constituency assigned to the voter),
b) Candidate lists (by constituencies),
c) Expressed will of the voters, and the output is made up from: a) Summarized voting result of e-voters, b) List of voters who used e-voting. (Tallin p. 5) With all of the things needed, and the people who needs to manage the system is present, then managing of the votes can now be started E-Voting Procedure Sections Electronic voting is the same with the envelope method of election. Voters are allowed to vote in a polling area where machines are provided for them to use.
Listed are the different stages of e-voting that filters the votes of the people accordingly:
- Key Management – This is one of the most critical points of the system without this, the system is not longer reliable to give honest information. It uses asymmetric cryptography to maintain the secrecy of the votes generated.
- Voting and Vote Storing – This sorts all the votes and checks for invalid votes that are created during elections such as multiple votes, re-voting, spoiled ballots and participation in advance polls.
- Counting of Votes – In this stage, votes are counted automatically by the system.
- Audit Application Possibilities – Auditing during election proper is always present.
It helps to make it possible to determine the different actions being done by both votes and administrators to see if there is any validation committed. (Tallin p. 10) Advantages The presence of Information Technology is a very big help in minimizing work and making things done fast. Using the power of computers in electronic voting, the overall performance of voting can be maximized to its full potential.
Listed are the other more advantages that all can benefit using the e-voting system.
Accessibility: E-voting if designed well, can be accessible in large networks so that people from far places can still cast their votes. This advantage saves time and effort for both voters and administration. Another way is the system is it can use the power of having multiple languages to assist the users to use the system through head phones. It will be a lot easier for voters to understand the system better by listening to the system’s voice and reading it at the same time. It makes the system more accessible and user friendly in helping illiterate people to cast a vote without the help of election volunteers.
Speed: No one can deny that computers can do much work compared to humans. Using this advantage can surely lessen the waiting time of people to get the election result. For some countries, election result is expected to finalize after a couple of months. With e-voting, people can have the result in a matter of days.
Accuracy: Computations and vote counting will be at ease for election volunteers since that e-voting can do the counting for them.
Cost Reduction: Resources like pen, papers and other materials used in voting can be lessen. With the help of information technology, people can save money and get most of the election.
Validation: The system’s capacity to validate and audit votes lessens the worries of the public about over voting or under voting. Checking helps to examine and analyze the election process and reflects the kind of security that the system brings.
Overall a Better Voting System: People has the history and experience of having election done manually and it is undeniably true that people makes it difficult