During the independence movement in the late 18th century and the early 19th century, many societies started to revolt against the government. Whether it was for voting rights or independance most societies believed that there is prejudice in the government, but they also had different motives to start their revolts DIFFERENCES Most of the societies had different motive as to why they claimed their independence. In the United States of America, the Declaration of Independance,a statement which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no
longer a part of the British Empire. The Americans mention why they felt that King Greorge III wasn’t a good leader. He had sent British troops to fight and murder their people. He also took a lot of their rights and abolishing their laws. The Americans believed that since King George was not living with them, he can’t understand their ways or why their laws, charters and government was in place. The taxes they were told to pay by the king weren’t fair because they were imposed without they, the people’s, consent. It is because of this that made King George III a tyrant, according to them. This
was their motive for them to revolt. (Document 1) In France, The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is a fundamental document of the French Revolution, writen by the National Assembly, defining the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal. Influenced by the doctrine of “natural right”, the rights of man are held to be universal: valid at all times and in every place, pertaining to human nature itself. This document focused only on men, not women, and to be more specific only white men. This document was the first step toward writing a constitution
for France. Their motive was that all citizens (excluding colored people and women) should be able to vote for their own laws based on their occupations and skill because one, how can a monarchy choose what his people need when he is living a glorious life style. The commoners toughed it out on the streets, worked jobs, fed and raised families. They should be the ones who truly know what’s best for themselves. (Document 2) The Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Citizeness was written in 1789 by the Olympe de Gouge. The Declaration is ironic and based on the Declaration of the Rights
of Man and of the Citizen, seeking to expose the failure of the French Revolution which had been devoted to gender equality. The women in France were not considered equal to man and couldn’t take part in government. They demanded that they should have rights. Part of this had to do with the Industrial Revolution since women started to work in factories, they felt that they also worked just as hard as men. This became an incentive for them to demand a vote in government and to ask for equal pay. (Document 4) In St. Domingo, Jean Jacques Dessallines declared for the Independence for his people.
At the time, the people of St. Domingo were forced into supporting Europe for war. Being slaves, they had no choice. But Jean Jacques used the fact that their warriors and slaves were mistreated to convince the people to declare indepedance. Their independance would also lead to the stop of recruiting troops to fight in a war that wasn’t theirs. These were the reasons why the people of St. Domingo declared independance. (Document 5) In Argentina, Simon Bolivar advices the Congress of Argentina that since they aren’t fully Indian nor are they fully European, they are entitled to engage in political affairs.
The felt the need to demand this right because they were having disputes with the Native over titles of ownership. They also has struggles in the maintenance among themselves in their country. Another incentive is that they wanted to unify their government. So if everyone in Argentina is considered equal then the country will have all inputs on how the government should be from all kinds of people. White Europeans and mixed. But they don’t seem to include the Natives. (Document 6) SIMILARITIES One things all documents agreed on was that the working citizen is entitled to have a say in the
government. For example in the United States, King George imposed taxes without the American’s consent. The American people know themselves as to how much taxes they can pay so they should be able to have a government that allows them to have a voice. (Document 1) Another example would be in France, the National Assembly starts France’s first constitution that states all (white) men are have rights depending on their occupation. With this, men can participate in goverment activities. (Document 2) Also, the Olympe de Gouge in France declares that women, who have jobs just as
hard as men should have a voice in the government too. (Document 4) In St. Domingo, Jean Jacques asks for human and governmental rights because his people are force to fight in war when it is not their war to fight but they must fight because their under British rule. Since they have to work (as in fight). They should have a say in their own government instead of being ruled by people who are not from their culture and do not understand how it effects them. (Document 5) This is what most of the societies have as a motive to fighting for independance. A good example of this is when the peasants
were being taxed by the church and their landlords. Peasants don’t necessarily make a lot of money so being taxed by people who don’t see the world from their eyes can’t tax them or they will give the peasants pressure, like being crushed by a rock in the cartoon. (Document 3) Another thing that was a common motive was laborers were treated unfairly. Overtaxation or even taxation with out consent is mistreatment to laborers. After the Industrial Revolution, many people worked for minimum wage at dangerous factories, which gave them medical needs and finances. The taxes some people were given
were to much for their hetic life style. They needed to be able to voice ther opinions and thoguhts to the governement to make their lives easier. For women for example, they had to work and care for their children inspite of their maternal sufferings. Their lives were as valuable in their eyes so their vote ans voice in the government was valuable as well. In the picture, the church and landlord were pressuring the peasants, in this time period to pay taxes to them. But since the peasants made very little money, it was extremely hard to pay their taxes. They are being pressured, hence the rock, into
biting on more than they can chew. This unfair law made a great rationale for them to become independant. (Document 3) ADDITIONAL To better understand the independance movement, it would help if their were some documents that contained European thoughts of the revolts in St. Domingo, United States, and Argentina. What do they think about the taxes or sending St. Domingo troops to war, did they care to leave the St. Domingoans unprotected. It would also help if there were documents about the actual peasants in these revolts. What were their thoughts. One leadr may not be enough to represent all mind sets.