Roles in the Justice System & Prosecutor

In addition, the prosecutor’s roles include advising judges with regards to sentencing (Worall & Nugent-Borakove, 2008, p. 16). He is also tasked to observe the interviews of potential witnesses (American Prosecutors Research Institute, National Center for the Prosecution of Child Abuse, 2003, p. 96). During trial, the prosecutor, along with the judge and the suspect’s lawyer, questions the jurors whether they can be fair and impartial in the case. The prosecutor may also object to having some persons in the jury. His objection should not stem based on the juror’s religion, race, or sexual orientation.

Also, the prosecutor joins with the suspect’s lawyer in approving the required number of jurors (Kaye, 2006). After then the prosecutor proceeds to the opening statement to the grand jury. During the opening statement, the prosecutor must tell the jury how the suspect committed the crime. If the suspect presented a defense, the prosecutor is tasked to present other evidence which rebuts the evidence that the suspect presented. After presenting the evidence from both sides, the prosecutor makes the closing arguments.

Each argument convinces the jury to convict or acquit the suspect. If it happens that the jury does not reach a unanimous verdict or decision, the prosecutor must decide if there is a need for another trial (Kaye, 2006). During the whole process, the prosecutor’s roles are to regulate, stabilize, and control the pressure of work on the judge (Fionda, 1995, p. 169). The prosecutor is elected personnel in the criminal justice system and is considered as the most powerful person in the system due to the various roles that he must fulfill.

Generally, the prosecutor’s role is to seek justice, and by this, it means that the prosecutor represent the government. In every step of the criminal procedure, the prosecutor has roles to keep the whole process smoothly running. During the central booking of the suspect, the prosecutor decides if there is adequate evidence to press charges. In the arraignment, the prosecutor’s roles include settling the case without the need for a trial, submitting evidence to the grand jury within a specified time frame, and deciding whether to try the suspect in the juvenile court or in adult court.

During the grand jury proceedings, the prosecutor cross-examines the suspect and relays the questions that the jurors have. In pre-trial motions, the prosecutor is then tasked to prove that the police officers who arrested the suspect acted legally. In addition, the prosecutor must take the suspect’s case to trial. During the trial, the prosecutor represents the government in the case. He is also tasked to question the suspect to prove that he is guilty. The prosecutor is obliged to submit to these responsibilities. References

American Bar Association Family Legal Guide. (2004). How does a grand jury work? American Bar Association. Retrieved April 17, 2009, from http://public. findlaw. com/abaflg/flg-15-2b-6. html American Prosecutors Research Institute, National Center for the Prosecution of Child Abuse. (2003). Investigation and prosecution of child abuse. United States: SAGE. Attorney Search Network. (2009). Criminal appeals attorneys-Habeas corpus law. Retrieved April 17, 2009, from http://www. law4usa. org/criminal_appeals_lawyers. htm Baker, S. and Mexxetti, C. (2000).

Prosecutorial resources, plea bargaining, and the decision to go to trial. University of North Carolina. Retrieved April 17, 2009, from http://www. unc. edu/depts/econ/papers/00-02. pdf Bureau of Justice Statistics. (2004). The justice system. United States Department of Justice. Retrieved April 16, 2009, from http://www. ojp. usdoj. gov/bjs/justsys. htm#structure Burnett, C. (2002). Justice denied: Clemency appeals in death penalty cases. United States: UPNE. Criminal Justice Intervention. (n. d. ). The role of the criminal justice system personnel.

Retrieved April 16, 2009, from http://www. letswrap. com/legal/cjsp. htm Fionda, J. (1995). Public prosecutors and discretion: A comparative study. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. Joy, P. and McMunigal, K. (2005). Why should prosecutors “seek justice”? Criminal Justice Magazine, 20, 2. Retrieved April 17, 2009, from http://www. abanet. org/crimjust/cjmag/20-2/ethics. html Kaye, J. S. (2006). Criminal justice system handbook. New York State Unified Court System. Retrieved April 17, 2009, from http://www. courts. state. ny. us/litigants/crimjusticesyshandbk. shtml