1. ) The three parts of critical thinking is (1) asking the questions (2) trying to answer your questions by reasoning them out and (3) believing in the results of your reasoning 2. ) There are many misconceptions about critical thinking some of them are: “It is wholly a negative process-it tears down ideas and puts nothing in their place (rather it is a positive process to put things in a more realistic perspective); It will lead to relativistic freeze–the inability to make commitments to people, ideas, structures (rather.
Commitments are informed ones); It seems to involve traumatic change-one is expected to abandon old assumptions continually. (Rather: Some beliefs stay the same–they are simply more informed); It is dispassionate and cold (it is rather highly emotive and liberating to be free of past assumptions and the anxiety of self-scrutiny). 3. ) Emotions should not play a role in the critical thinking process because they obstruct clear thinking.
4. ) The five impediments of critical thinking are: News distorts the truth; Mass Media send unrealistic messages; Binary thinking; Personal and social fears; Institutions often discourage critical thinking. These things are barriers to critical thinking because they somehow influence or bias the way we think. 5. ) The sponge thinking style enables the person to absorb and retain information to further understand it. The panning for gold is interconnected with the sponge- sponge is the knowledge and panning is the evaluation of such knowledge.
6.) Paul (1987) distinguishes between “weak sense” and “strong sense” critical thinking in the following way. People who have the abilities necessary for undertaking quality critical and creative thought but use them only to their own advantage are critical and creative thinkers in the weak sense. Strong sense critical and creative thinkers, however, are committed to using their abilities to seek out the most accurate and fair positions regardless of or in spite of their own particular interests or desires.
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