The parents play a very significant role in molding their children’s behaviour. Ideally, they are supposed to monitor their children’s behaviour and impart virtues of respect, self-control, hard work and respect for people’s property. However, the American family is decaying at a high rate and single parent homes are common. Therefore, single parents who juggle between work and home tend to have very little time to interact or monitor their children’s moves. This family environment fosters delinquent behaviour especially when the teenager engages in bad company in search for acceptance and attention.
On a different perspective stability of the home also determines delinquent behaviour among children. Homes which are characterized by disputes and physical abuse tend to elicit delinquent behaviour among children. Parents act as models to their children and if they are violent, drug abusers, thieves then the trait ultimately trickles down to the children and these behaviors become the child’s reality and norm. Research shows that homes comprised of step parents and biological parents have a hand in bringing out delinquent behaviour in juveniles.
This is especially true for boys, who view stepfather as a threat or competition as opposed to mentors. In such families the child will often engage in juvenile misconduct or crime to express anger or draw attention away from the father to oneself. Children pick up cues from their family environment and especially on their identity and roles in the community. Family members who express negative views against certain ethnic communities or gender ingrain in their children prejudiced thinking against those entities.
In the long run, the children are likely to take up hate crimes on those individuals in order to validate their superiority especially if they are portrayed as inferior. This is seen in the numerous cases of killings or assaults by say black children against white colleagues at school or in the community. Often, these hate speech and ideologies root from the family environment. There is a high association between delinquent behaviour and poverty. Homes that are poverty infested tend to produce children with delinquent behaviour.
This is because society has an institutionalized success pathway which most individuals in minority groups. This system of mismatch forces parents to encourage children to engage in crime in order to assist in meeting the daily needs of he family. In such circumstances the teenagers are likely to get into shoplifting, drug peddling and prostitution in exchange for food on the table. Role of school in contributing to delinquent behaviour Schools are places where children from different backgrounds and diverse culture interact among themselves freely.
As they interact, exchange of ideologies takes place and obviously some ideas seem better than others thus appealing attracting crowd. This is called peer influence leading to pressure. Schools have a role to ensure that whatever influences among peers are of positive nature and that negative influences are kept at bay. However, this is not always easy to accomplish as criminal behaviors often occur outside the school walls. When children get into the school system, they get integrated to the community, which exposes them to numerous risk factors, and juvenile delinquency is often the consequences.
In schools children of the same background and behavior group together and if these children have disruptive traits the ultimate behavior are gang groups in school. Research shows that children who integrate properly into the school system tend to depict characteristics of high integrity and morals and adhere to socially acceptable conduct. Schools that uphold unrealistic academic standards drive students into frustrations, which lead to juvenile delinquency. This is because academic failure is misconstrued to mean failure in life. Therefore, juveniles who get such perceptions about themselves end up committing criminal acts.
More to that, students who have low performance at school tend to have low commitment and motivation in attaining any meaningful purpose in life, hence putting themselves at risk of juvenile offences. In schools where student teacher ratio is high have poor rule enforcement. Thus, the level of discipline is low and victimization of teachers as students tends to also be high. Additionally, there is a high link between antisocial behavior and teacher satisfaction. Teachers who are lowly motivated tend to be aloof on activities among students, hence delinquent behavior passes uncorrected.