Before we begin we would like to define key terms relating to the resolution. First we consider “On Balance” to be weighing the points of this debate holistically. Additionally, we define the rise of China as an increase in the Chinese economy, military and geopolitical influence. Finally, we only consider things interests of the United States if they are vital to its continued well being. By this definition we find the interests to be categorized by both economical interests and security interest.
Defined by James Prystup of National Defense University, American security interests are the defense of the homeland and protection of U.S. citizens, maintenance of a balance of power, promotion of democracy and human rights, and preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Economical interests of the united sates are promotion of a free-market that benefits its citizens by providing jobs, safe working conditions, and money. The United States economical interests depend on a flourishing economy that provides its citizens with a lifestyle without poverty. Contention 1: China’s rise causes a negative impact on the American economy
China has become an economic powerhouse, and over the last decade alone it has quadrupled its industrial output, for example in the automobile industry China increased its production nine fold, from 2 million cars in 2000 to 18 million in 2010 (China’s Rise, America’s Fall). As China continues to grow the Untied States is becoming more and more dependent on their exports, rather than China dependent on us. From this, we are heavily dependent on capital inflowing from China. In a study published early 2011, the Christian Science monitor summarizes the major impacts of China’s growing economy, 1. Negative effects in the form of lost jobs
2. A decrease in wages for American workers (1). Beginning with lost jobs, the study found that due to China’s rise there was an 1/3 decline in US manufacturing jobs. Additionally, The article The china Toll tells that ‘”between 2001 and 2011, the trade deficit with China eliminated or displaced more than million U.S. jobs” these lost jobs “account for more than half of all U.S. manufacturing jobs lost or displaced between 2001 and 2011”. When comparing China and United State The China Toll article tells that U.S. exports to China supported 169,000 jobs while U.S. imports from China supported 3,712,300 jobs in 2011. This growing trade deficit displaced 2,742,000 US jobs in 2011.
As defined by our definition of United States interests, a rise in Chinese economy does not have beneficial effect on the United States because it causes job losses, harm to US interests (2) Next, while examining the second negative impact of a decrease in American worker wages due to China’s economic rise the economic Policy Institute found that competition with China drove down wages for U.S. workers in manufacturing and other non-college educated jobs. This affected the population of America with less than a four-year college degree, accounting for 100 million workers (U.S.
Census Bureau) this extreme decrease in wages is due to China’s very minute minimum wage at 158th in the world. Additionally, the same source found that for an average American family with two earners that annual depreciation in earnings is more than $2,500 due to globalization in China. Again, going back to our framework, a decrease in wages is a direct detriment to United States interests, and therefore is not beneficial, proving the resolution false. Contention two: The rise of China refutes democratic ideals
As China, an undemocratic nation rises it has shown other nations the success of this authoritarianism, analysts have determined that this new success is primarily infringed on the fact that China is non democratic. Larry Diamond, a leading analyst and democratic enthusiast found, “in a 2008 volume, that the rise of an authoritarian China is globally transforming.” For example, the failure of the United States mission in Iraq was labeled as a consequence of promoting democracy.
Therefore, government look to China for military and economical lessons apposed to the democratic United States. In China Rises Challenges Democracy by Edward Friedman it says, “China’s continuing rise, under authoritarian rule could inspire other non-democratic governments to follow the model of capitalism without democracy…China unquestionably holds the key to further democratization of the region and other parts of the world.” If China continues to rise, their presencebecomes more and more appealing to nations to make the “switch”.
Examples of China promoting anti-democratic principles can be seen in celebrating the Uzbekistan authoritarian government, utilizing propaganda to promote anti-democracy in its African organization as well as excluding the OECD democracies, and finally, the only solution China rejected relating to the crisis in North Korea was a unified democratic state. By China promoting authoritarianism it is undermining American ideals as well as promoting an increase in underpaid workers with negligible condition. Since we defined promoting democratic ideals as a key interest of the United States, the rise of China clearly contradicts this and therefore is not beneficial. Thank you and for these reasons we urge a con ballet.