A Review of Community Policing

The complexity and challenges within the criminal justice system are now being addressed with the introduction and eventual application of valuable programs. Such condition holds true with one of the branches of criminal justice which is the law enforcement. With undeniable demands, it is essential for the police force to formulate and carry-out significant program that is fundamentally aimed at improving the service of law enforcers and ultimately benefit the public.

Community Policing is a relevant program of the law enforcement field as it proves to resolve day-to-day concerns within the community and most of all, serves as an effective tool that bridges the gap between the public and police. According to the New York State University Police, the nature, effectiveness or eventual success of community policing depend on the existence of partnership between the police force and societies.

As such, Community Policing Program in areas where it exists boosts of beneficial effects such as lessening neighborhood criminalities, facilitating the decrease of people’s concern of crime and improving the life quality within the community (“Community Policing Philosophy,” 2009). In particular, the underlying principle behind Community Policing is the reduction of crimes in the community through collaborative undertakings and assistance between the local police and members of the society.

In doing so, the Program is able to determine crime-related problems and disorders which, in turn, allows for the involvement of all components of the community under the ultimate goal of looking for solutions to the said concerns. Community Policing is an effort by law enforcement that is designed to strengthen as well as create powerful, independent communities which are important factors in developing an atmosphere where crime will deteriorate.

Hence, partnership within the community, crime solving and change management are its three important and complementary elements (“Community Policing Philosophy,” 2009). Additionally, Eck and Rosenbaum (1994) presented that Community Policing is now the mainstream structure of law enforcement. Although the endeavor seems ambitious, they emphasized that it “…promised to change radically the relationship between the police and the public, address underlying community problems, and improve the living conditions in neighborhoods” (Eck & Rosenbaum, 1994).

The collaboration between law enforcement and the community results to the identification and solution of crimes in the society. This is after the leading participants of Community Policing, the law enforcers, no longer act as the only protectors of law and order. Under such condition, all members of the society now serve as effective allies in an attempt to improve the security and quality of living condition within the neighborhood (“Understanding Community Policing,” 1994).

Aside from the immediate benefits of Community Policing, the Program also has far-reaching effects. That is, it is the goal of the activity is to develop people’s perspective towards crime control and prevention. This principle includes an emphasis on getting members of the community as active players in the framework and procedure of problem-solving. It is also the aim of the Program to make the functions of police officers bring about intense changes within the police force (“Understanding Community Policing,” 1994).

A patrol officer within a particular community and who is supported by his police department, in turn, assists people within the said area to gather support and resources that are necessary in solving crimes and related problems and ultimately improving their living conditions. When this happens, the members of the community are able to express their concerns; share advice and personally participate in solving the problems especially if these issues are crime-related that are sure to pose threat to their lives and properties (“Understanding Community Policing,” 1994). References

Bureau of Justice Assistance. (1994, August). Understanding Community Policing: A Framework for Action. Retrieved July 11, 2009, from http://www. ncjrs. gov/pdffiles/commp. pdf Eck, J. E. & Rosenbaum, D. P. (1994). The New Police Order: Effectiveness, Equity, and Efficiency in Community Policing. In D. Rosenbaum (Ed. ), The Challenge of Community Policing: Testing the Promises (pp. 3-26). California: Sage Publications, Inc. New York State University Police. (2009, May 4). Community Policing Philosophy. Retrieved July 11, 2009, from http://police. binghamton. edu/cops. htm