We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. The Preamble In act 14 of the Constitution, we are given our civil rights. Our Constitution says that all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.
All citizens hold a very important position of authority. Many years ago our forefathers implemented a Constitutional Republic government. Our Republic government shows some similarities with a democracy in the ways we elect representatives and pass laws. Though are main difference lies in that a Constitutional Republic’s constitution limits power of the government, through a system of checks and balances. This assures that no one person has too much power. In office, we have representatives who are supposed to put our best interest above their beliefs and interest. A right is a legal, social, or ethical principle of freedom or entitlement.
In the Constitutional law, rights are further classified as natural, civil, and political. Natural rights are those believed to flourish from the nature of an individual. Such as, the rights to life, liberty, privacy and the pursuit of happiness. Civil rights, are those belonging to every United States citizen. These rights include protection by law, trial by jury, voting and placement in office, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, etc. Our rights entail our power to participate in any government establishments or functions. A duty is legal obligations that entail a person’s mandatory conduct and performance.
Each citizen has certain duties, which are outlined by laws formed in the constitution. Unlike responsibilities which are fulfilled by choice, duties are nationally mandated. The constitution assumes some civil duties, which are inherited in the constitution. For example, the constitution presumes lawfulness, sets rules for conviction, and presumes juries, and army / navy involvement. A responsibility is the obligation to carry forward an assigned task to a successful conclusion. Unlike Duties which are required by laws, responsibilities are by choice upon a person’s selection.
Responsibilities are things we as citizens should do. The main responsibility of any good citizen is to enforce all laws from the federal constitution upon our states and its people. The price for freedom, is eternal vigilance. Our Rights, Responsibilities, and Duties: Obeying the Law: Our society has formal rules that must be followed in order to keep peace and civility among others. Laws are intended to protect the rights of citizens, establish the framework for citizen’s interaction, place limitations, overall to provide for a more orderly society.
The Rule of Law: In a Republic society, our laws contemplates that no one is above the law. Not our president, Congress, Judicial or ordinary citizens. Defending the Nation: Helping our country to defend itself is a duty of a citizen. The U. S. keeps armed forces on guard at all times in case of a war or civil unrest. This is necessary so that our nation, can defend itself if ever in need. All males obtaining the age of 18, must register to be drafted for the Selective Service System. This does not mean, they will automatically be drafted, just that if called must serve their nation.
Serving on a Jury: As a citizen, your number one basic right is the right to a fair trial. No one can be proven guilty, without reasonable doubt. A trial is put in place to determine whether a person is guilty or innocent. In this trial, a jury of one’s peers or a judge(s) sits in judgment after listening or seeing all the evidence. A person will either be charged or acquitted of all charges due to the response. This decision can only be based with evidence. Serving as a Witness: In a trial case, lawyers both prosecutor and defense try to establish the guilt or innocence of the charged individual or group.
Witnesses are asked, to testify on any accounts of what they might’ve seen, heard, or was involved in. Their testimony helps a jury or judge decide whether a person is innocent or guilty. Criminal trials aren’t the only cases that use witnesses and juries. Any citizen may ask the court for a jury trial. Because all Americans have the right to a fair trial, anyone called to testify as a witness also have to do so as a duty as a citizen. Paying Taxes: We have taxes to help fund and run the country that we live in. Every item you make a purchase it is taxed. Taxes are the collected by the federal, state, and local governments.
Which are then used to pay expenses for government operations. Attending school: Every time you go to school, you’re exercising one of your duties. Schools are in place so that young people can one day be ready for their future. They bestow education at an early age so that a person can grow up with knowledge, values, views, and morals. Everyone must be educated about our history, government, and have an understanding of how our government works. As U. S. citizens, we have responsibilities as well. Unlike our mandated duties, responsibilities are exercised under free will.
However, though we are not required to do so, it’s an important role one must play to be a fully participating citizen. Working towards the Common Good: A basic responsibility of being a citizen, is to work together for the common good and well being of all members of our society. To contribute to the common good of a society, is to act in ways to protect the rights and freedom of ourselves and others. The responsibilities of citizenship include participation in the political processing. We have a voice which is mostly heard through our voting and political affiliations.
Voting: The right to vote is another basic right of a citizen. Our vote helps to determine the decision of which representative we want for each spot in office. We decide on the president to the members of our children’s school board. We can also vote on public issue within our communities. When voting, one must be able to separate facts from opinions to choose the right candidate. Participating in Election Campaigns: An important way to fulfill citizen responsibilities is to help a candidate intended for office. Even as students, we are able to give our input and support candidates.
We can do this by carrying campaign signs, to making phone calls. We’re helping to make a difference. All our efforts help to encourage people to vote for your trusted candidates. Influencing Government: A person can persuade the government to take part in any beliefs they may have. At any age you can voice an opinion. Sending letters and writing articles are prime examples of how one can express their opinion. You can also join or create groups that help better serve your cause. Serving the community: Each of us is responsible in our own ways to help better our community and its surroundings.
Carrying out simple task like recycling, minimizing carbon footprints, helping new comers, minimizing trash for landfills are all things that will pay off in the long run. Your actions help to keep your community strong and healthy . I believe that serving your own community and working toward the common good are both responsibilities that should be duties. These are task that not only affect us but all citizens. Maybe we can’t change the whole world, but to start in ones community is a huge start. You’re helping the ones most important to you. This is heroic and honorable. Take action where needed.