Since mid 19th century there have been two dominant parties in the United States i. e. the Democrats and the Republicans. At times within this period some third parties also arose to the national front during elections. However these third parties have been neglected over time especially in the 20th century. The Republican Party became dominant at many times in many regions unless for the southern regions where the democrats monopolized. Republican also dominated in many house of congress and also the presidency.
But later around 1960 the republican lost greatly to the democrats when Richard Nixon lost to John Kennedy who was later assassinated and preceded by his vice Lyndon Johnson. Over the period of 1950 to 1990 the Democratic Party dominated in the congress that is house representation and senate for 38 out of 40 years from 1950 to 1994, and the Senate for 32 out of the 40 years. The Republican Party was minority in congress but it performed better in the presidential elections at many times.
They won five presidential seats that were in 1968, 1972 by Nixon, 1980 and 1984 by Reagan, and 1988 by Bush. But the 1994 election has been dubbed as the Republican Revolution, as this party took control over the House for once since 1954 and also wrested back the control of the Senate. There have been numerous continuous changes in party personalities, campaign methods and election issues in the U. S. party system over time. However the Democrats still constitute the majority party and the Republicans the minority though the Republicans usually compete on equal terms for the presidency.
Through this trend therefore the American politics are strengthened by its claim for classifying it as a competitive two party system. Not until the year 2008 the interchange has been the trend among the democrats and the republicans. During this 20th century change came in two ways that is the republican taking over power and being led by a black American president ( Barrack H Obama)t for the first time in the history of United States.
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