As racism and discrimination due to ethnic back grounds is so common world wide, the relationship of governments and indigenous people also gets as complicated as we go deeper into the matter as the most favorite characteristic of indigenous people over which they are criticized is that they are uncivilized. Although they practice culture that are centuries old and still it has its integrity , norms and principles intact, these people are called uncultured.
When it comes to natives, powerful people force them to abide by their part of the law no matter what, however when it comes to them, there is no one to force them to give these natives their right. However, if both the parties see the agreements contracted in the mutual light of cooperation, these relationships can be improved and can be put to productive purposes for both these natives and the new settlers.
These natives should accept the new settlers and the developments they are going through, however these new settlements should and must recognize the fact that these nations have the right to fight for their individuality, to remain in their own culture and in whole to practice self determination. Also new settlements need to realize that they need to compensate these natives for resources and knowledge that they are trying to extract from tem free of cost or at very nominal or insignificant rate of compensation.
Here are some conventions as an example to show how far the relations of indigenous people have and governments proceeded in the light of international laws. (Lam 98) International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights This convention held in 1966 says that incase a minority exist in a nation; it should not be in any case subjected to discrimination for race, color and ethnicity. They should be allowed freely to practice their own culture and there must be no activity by the major groups that focus on rejection o recognition or self determination of these indigenous people.
United Nations. The first conference for indigenous people of non government organizations was held in Geneva in 1977. Later on in 1982 a working functional group of United Nations was created for the rights of indigenous population. The purpose of this group was to study and present report on the work done indigenous communities during 1970. In 1996, under the supervision of United Nations a seminar was conducted in Canada internally, that suggested that rights over land and property should be given to the indigenous people.
Also it emphasized that indigenous people should and must be made part of all decision making programmes over there land conducted by the new settlements and developers. The Draft declaration. ‘ Draft declaration remains the most productive declaration up to date which stated a number of crucial rights of indigenous people. Right such as, fundamental rights, life and security, culture religion and language, education, employment, self government, development and land resources were included. These rights are not yet present in the human rights act for indigenous people up to date.
This declaration was passed by the general assembly in 2007. The World Bank. In September 1991, the world bank also jumped into the matter of the rights of indigenous people by taking the issue with great concern and declared that what ever developmental policies are carried through in the lands of the indigenous people should be in line with the concern of these people and these should policies should be designed in anyway to adversely effect the fundamental rights of the inhabitants of these lands.