Sexual harassment is also predominant in the workplace where women do not enjoy the same rights most men enjoy despite lawful recognition of women’s participation the development process of the nation. Legal scholars reasoned that religious matters and “Shari’a laws impede some human rights for women like the banning of public displays of affection”, mode of dressing, prohibition of women from walking especially at night unaccompanied which entailing imprisonment or detention. Discrimination also continue to exist in the workplace both in hiring and granting of compensation.
Although most civil servants were women, “less and less senior officials were women” because they are often delegated to low-paying and low-level jobs despite education. In government agencies, the couple’s “combined earnings is given to the husband as the head of the family rather than to the wife”. Women who do not observe dress codes were also judged as improperly dressed and are detained for lecture on the proper attire. Disharmony between men and women in the workplace is sometimes owed in part to the women’s sudden need to work on jobs that positioned them as slightly inferior to men.
In Indonesia however, women have a problem “standing up to their rights because many had not been afforded proper educational training” brought about by the years of dependence and cultural struggles favoring men in general. Divorce which has been made available to both men and women based on the “Shari’a laws are considered cheaper and faster alternative”. However women who file for divorce are often faced with heavier burden of proof than men who file for divorce. Alimony while provided could not even be enforced thereby catapulting women into poverty while men wallow in content.
The social injustices add up as women cannot immediately remarry after a divorce while men can before the ink dries up in divorce papers. -Against Children The United Nations has stated “Indonesia’s commitment to the protection and provision of children’s rights, education and welfare”. In practice, education in Indonesia is “not free of charge” and poverty has prevented many children from being educated. Child labor in fact “abounds as with child trafficking, child prostitution mostly in conflict areas which clearly explains how local governments continue to dismiss its own provisions”.
Educational opportunities are likewise “more available for boys than for girls” and families have recently found it hard to send a child to school. Likewise, children are forced to leave schools in order to support the needs of their families and no reports were made available to a greater extent. Many believed that the corrupt practices of public officials have undermined the importance of education and many children continue to live in unhealthy circumstances while increasing infant mortality rates in the regions. Malnutrition continues to be a particular problem which has caused the deaths of many infants dying of malnutrition.
Although child abuse is also “greatly prohibited by law”, efforts to effectively combat the crime receive less attention. Agencies have reported that it takes a long time to bring a child abuse case to court, let alone rape. Cases of child rape have continued to rise coupled with physical violence against children. Often, parents are the likely offenders. “Commercial sexual exploitation of children is also a serious proble” ; yet the number of child prostitutes in the country remains unavailable. In a visit to a prostitution complex, “NGO’s found out that 365 female prostitutes were less than 18 years of age and are held by debts”.
Local authorities treat the “child prostitutes as criminals rather then victims” which prompted religious groups and activists to accuse government officials particularly police and soldiers of perpetrating the crime against under-age prostitutes. Boys could not escape sexual exploitation as “pedophile rings operate in Bali and promote child sex to foreign nationals”. In some cases, parents themselves submit their children for work and for prostitution to agents. A culture of prostitution thereby exists as some parents encourage their children into prostitution.
Juvenile offenders were also given less attention and children who ought to be held in separate detention facilities are “often joined with adults thereby increasing the chances for child abuse”. Conditions were often inhumane and more often than not, juvenile offenders experience sexual abuse and physical maltreatment in the hands of adult prisoners. The rising “number of street children” also continues to increase in the big cities where they are also susceptible to sexual abuse and violence despite government funding and NGO support.
In recent reports and findings, widespread studies have delegated improper governance as the basic reason for the existence of prevailing human rights violations in the region and archipelago of Indonesia. Without standards for control; governments lay ignorant and at the behest of local governments who are often guided by ignorance of laws. The lack of transparency in Indonesia also poses as a stringent problem that prevents studies to arrive at the core of the problem with the unavailability and presence of correct data that could help outline the problem in order to study its possible treatment.