Immanuel Kant has brought up the issue of duty. Deontology, as Kant named it, emphasizes on the importance of carrying out duty above any other. Accomplishing one’s duty, no matter what the results or consequences will be, whether it is morally right or wrong, is regarded by individuals as their ultimate goal. In addition, Adam Smith and his concept of egoism provide a form of behavior wherein individuals take actions for the benefit of the self. Each action and decision that people make leans towards self-indulgence and satisfaction. Deontology and egoism embody moral concepts or arguments that seek to explain the positive side of dumping.
First, governments in third world countries where goods and products are being dumped value their duty to provide for their populace. Although the U.S. government and other developed countries have detected flaws and risks in using goods and products being dumped to third world countries, they do not have the right to intervene or impose their power to independent governments.
Their role is to provide relevant information and warnings. Although independent governments acknowledge the danger of importing hazardous products being dumped in their country, they prioritize their duty to serve their nation in terms of tangible products or services that might be initially beneficial to them. Taking risks is far better than having nothing to provide for their country.
Second, Smith’s concept of egoism determines that dumping benefits those who do it although other people than them will likely suffer from negative consequences. Aside from the obvious that manufacturers and business institutions will likely benefit from dumping, governments and people in third world countries will also benefit from it.
The goods and products that they need, and have not benefited from in the past due to their economic situations, will be sold at low prices. This allows them to purchase their needs without having to stretch their budgets to acquire it. The government, on the other hand, remains to be respected as a beacon of hope as it accomplishes its duties to provide for its citizens.
Although Kant and Smiths’ perspectives support dumping as a saving grace for people and governing bodies in third world countries, as well as manufacturers and business institutions, moral responsibility as an ethical concept challenges this optimistic view. Mill argued that being a human being – morally and socially responsible – but at the same time unsatisfied is better than going against morality to satisfy oneself.
Mill’s concept follows the idea of utilitarianism which is focused on the morality of an action based on the goodness or badness of its consequences. I believe that the process of dumping goods to other countries should be restricted such that the utility of the action is considered. I stand for moral and social responsibility such that the consequences should be acknowledged and prevented if it shows to endanger or risk the health and security of the majority.
Although governments seem to be doing their citizens a favor in providing them with efficient goods and products that will be sold in the market inexpensively, their intention or purpose does not justify the consequences. Dumping might seem a strong option to solve economic crises in third world countries, but they are slowly leading their nation to its death by endangering them and risking their lives. Moreover, developed countries who detect flaws in goods and products have the responsibility to control the production of goods even if factories or manufacturing institutions are privately owned. Still, business corporations need to adhere to corporate social and moral responsibilities.
With this in mind, I also stand for the establishment of laws to control or eliminate dumping completely as it does not exhibit any benefits or contributions to human beings, except capitalists. However, law formulation and implementation will be achieved with the cooperation of independent governments. Since governments fight for sovereignty, allowing them the decision to take in goods or products being dumped to their countries despite warnings and determined potential risks, there should be an international governing body that will oversee that governments comply with laws controlling or abolishing dumping.