Government accountability in dealing with the citizenry and the resources of the state can be viewed as complicated task that prevail in the functions of government, specifically in fulfilling the civil service mandates of the government. The delivery of basic welfare and services for public good is a fundamental responsibility, in which government accountability necessitates efficient management and effective control in implementation.
However, managing the resources of the state is not solely an intrinsic responsibility of the government, but needing the integral role and participation of the populace to uphold the transparent accountability of the government. Over the years, government accountability and the private sectors’ responsibility have coalesced in facilitating the processes of managing the state resources and acquirement of fundamental basis to develop and sustain the system of belief in good governance, considering the fact that administering the government necessitates the strictest compliance with the statutory mandates of public services.
Administering the government functions operates within the lawful procedures and regulatory measures where responsibility and accountability emanates. The constitutional and statutory laws encompasses ethical standards in governing, managing and controlling the state resources and the citizenry, from which the administrative functions of the civil servants and its governmental organizations must acknowledge and define how good governance will transpire the way of life in communities.
This paper will discuss and examine the functions and accountability of the government, focusing on the processes of public administration that deals with the statutory mandate of promoting good governance. What is public administration? Public administration is defined by the Oklahoma University Department of Political Science (2008) as the study on the interrelationships of public entities in organizing the government, designing structured management policies, and implementation processes of programs to realize the objectives and interests of a nation.
Based on the above definition, it further cited that the framing of state policies is central to the management and implementation of programs and services, such as primarily on education, transportation, health care, community development, law enforcement, and environmental policy. Thus, without the applied principles of public administration, the “public life” will be affected and put into disarray, hampering the interests of the constituents to achieve cost-effective and cost-beneficial services of the government.
In which case, the fundamental principle of public administration relies in obtaining a sound public policy that value a specific public interest, providing the public administrator with the guideline or mandate to implement, manage and direct the operation of the service-programs on a short and long term implementation.
As further cited, although public administration is an allied discipline of business administration, it differentiates the “popular method of values”, describing the public employees’ performance to provide equal, judicious, secured, efficient and effective services, and for the government to generate state revenues that is beneficial for the constituents. Ideally, the popular method of values must separate the political life and public accountability of the government leaders or public administrators (University of Oklahoma Department of Political Science, 2008).