Pros and Cons of Gun Control

Myers, Exploring Psychology 9e Chapter 2 Quiz 1 completed Total score: 15 out of 15, 100%

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1. Natural, opiate-like neurotransmitters linked to pain control are called a. glial cells.b. dendrites.c. hormones.d. endorphins.

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2. Drugs that block the reuptake of serotonin will thereby increase the concentration of serotonin molecules in the a. axon terminals.b. synaptic gaps.c. glial cells.d. endocrine glands.

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3. The vast majority of neurons in the body’s information system are a. stem cells.b. interneurons.c. motor neurons.d. sensory neurons.

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4. The release of epinephrine and norepinephrine ________ blood pressure and ________ blood sugar levels. a. raises; raisesb. lowers; lowersc. raises; lowersd. lowers; raises

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5. Which hormone enables contractions associated with birthing and milk flow during nursing? a. insulinb. serotoninc. oxytocind. epinephrine

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6. Which of the following would be most useful for detecting the brain areas that are most active as a person performs mathematical calculations? a. a brain lesionb. an interneuronc. a PET scand. a hemispherectomy

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7. After suffering an accidental brain injury, Kira has difficulty walking in a smooth and coordinated manner. She has probably suffered damage to her a. amygdala.b. hypothalamus.c. cerebellum.d. corpus callosum.

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8. The limbic system structure that regulates hunger is called the a. thalamus.b. amygdala.c. hippocampus.d. hypothalamus.

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9. Research has suggested that a reward deficiency syndrome may contribute to a. homeostasis.b. alcohol dependence.c. schizophrenia.d. Parkinson’s disease.

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10. Which portion of the cerebral cortex is most directly involved in making plans and formulating moral judgments? a. occipital lobesb. frontal lobesc. temporal lobesd. parietal lobes

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11. Research with split-brain patients suggests that the ________ typically constructs the theories people offer to explain their own behaviors. a. autonomic nervous systemb. left cerebral hemispherec. somatic nervous systemd. right cerebral hemisphere

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12. Compared with fraternal twins, identical twins area. less similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease and less similar in risk of being emotionally unstable. b. more similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease and more similar in risk of being emotionally unstable. c. equally similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease and more similar in risk of being emotionally unstable. d. more similar in their risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease and equally similar in risk of being emotionally unstable.

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13. In emphasizing that heredity’s effects on behavior depend on a person’s home environment, psychologists are highlighting the importance of a. tomography.b. neurogenesis.c. lateralization.d. nature–nurture interactions.

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14. The prevalence of genetically predisposed traits that have a reproductive advantage is best explained in terms of a. epigenetics.b. natural selection.c. behavior genetics.d. brain plasticity.

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15. Which of the following is a major source of genetic diversity? a. brain plasticityb. lateralizationc. mutationsd. homeostasis

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