The homeland defense in the United States plays a vital role in security provision for the states and border activities. Since the 9/11 terrorists attack Unite States sought to improve security systems as regards border activities and air port security. A strong domestic intelligence system has been put in place to control insecure events within the nation.
More so, there has been a great advancement within the interagency collaborations such as cross border agencies and the homeland defense systems. There is also a strong security body that deals with information sharing strategies within the agencies and different departments concerned with U.S. defense. This essay discuses the U.S. Border security system.
According to the U.S security law, Security information in the U.S. may be classified and shared according to the level of integrity required. For example if the information needs be released to other agencies, nations and organization it may be marked “REL” for release. The top secret department officer determines the type of information that may be shared or not.
In other wards the Department of Defense defines different types of information, how it can be used, and to whom it should be delivered. An example of border operation barrier include the “Secure Fence Act of 2006” aimed at guarding the Mexico- U.S. Border although funding was delayed for the operations to be ensured under the Act.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) of the United States is bestowed with the duty of maintaining and controlling border security. Although security at the border is global issue, it is important that a national has got its own security systems to ensure safety. U.S. DHS is composed of five sub departments which coordinate security operations. Each of the five sections is concerned with strategic duties to prevent terrorism, illegal trafficking and border attacks.
For example, Border & Transportation Security under the DHS controls border transactions; border policing functions. It deals with many security agencies such as the U.S. custom& border protection agency, U.S. immigration agency, the U.S. Custom Enforcement agency, the Domestic Preparedness Office of U.S. and Transport Security Administration of U.S. through this organization there is assured detective measures for U.S. border security, (Larson V.E. & Peters, 2001).
Thus the Department of Homeland Security deals with border security in the U.S. The department is funded by the federal government of the U.S. According to the U.S. “Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 2004,” the DHS has the responsibility of ensuring border security through intelligence and efficient information systems and tracking program.