Looking at the issues inherent with regard to human diversity and social justice in United States, I wish to discuss homosexuality and bring out a clear profile of homosexuals as a group of people. A homosexual is a person, a woman or a man who has not only had sexual interest but also a romantic interest in a person of same gender. Gayism and lesbianism are the most commonly used names referring to men and women respectively practicing homosexuality (West, 2004).
Although homosexuality culture is more prominent in the contemporary society than ever before, homosexuals are still facing social injustices characterized by discrimination in various circles of American society. Historically, there have been several social movements in United States and other countries fighting for equal rights among the homosexuals. Unfortunately these social movements have not brought about much change as compared to such other movements like the civil rights for women movement.
The causes of homosexuality vary with individual’s culture and background. Individualism is one of the highest values in United States and this value dictates that every person has the right and freedom to live as he she desires as long as it does not violate someone else’s rights and freedom. In one of the reason why homosexuality is rampant in United States, Americans believe that the best way to find a solution to a conflict is to speak openly about it.
Making own choices regarding sex is one of this rights and this group of individual believes that to discriminated against is to deny them their rights and is a gross violation of their right of expression (Nicolosi & Burney, 2000). On the other hand, science tends to lean on biological factors such as temperament as one of the causes of homosexuality. But according to Satinover (1998) there is no scientific evidence linking homosexuality to inheritance as directly as the way eye color is inherited.
Other literature reviews on homosexuality implicate a father-son relationship as one of the predisposing factor of homosexuality. According to (Bradley& Zucker, (1998), there exist connections between inadequate father-son relationship and homosexuality during the critical phase of development when the child is developing gender and identity. It as at this phase that the child is able to identify his father and his masculinity. Lack of the father at this crucial stage, makes the baby boy develop feminism behaviors which according to research correlates with later masculinity.
In a more extreme form, the same Failure to identify commonly known as child gender identity syndrome, can be caused by narcissistic injury which is imposed to the son by the father . This hurt manifest later in life as a defensive detachment from masculinity either in the self or to others (Satinover, 1998). Other factors leading to homosexuals behaviors include the issue of a hostile, feared old brother and a warm caring mother who have excellent personality proves more appealing to the boy than a father who is emotionally absent for the boy.
Also child hood seduction by another boy and peer labeling can as well lead to homosexuality (Hedgne, 2007). It is important to point out without doubt that public opinion on gayism and lesbianism has become more encouraging over the last couple of years. There already seem to have a general understanding of homosexuality as culture different from other subcultures in United States and the goal is no longer to change this culture but to understand it.
According to psychiatrics Dr. Rick Fitzgibbon, homosexuality culture is characterized by psychological problem which usually accompanied by mental problems, depression, suicides, anxiety, low esteem, conduct disorder and substance abuse among female and male promiscuity. A more recent study in united kingdom depict homosexual with a higher likelihood, about 50%, to engage in substance abuse and suffer from depression than other group of people (Hedge, 2007).
In addition, homosexual and bisexuals are likely to have physical and psychological health problems than their heterosexual counterparts. The research also reveals that the life expectancy of homosexuals is 24 years less than that of heterosexuals. Reason given for reduced life expectancy includes the likelihood of homosexuals to be pushed to substance abuse by the anti sexual culture and their vulnerability to deadly sexually transmitted diseases such as Aids.