In our government today we have due process of law. Due process of law simply means that we have protection against a chance deprivation of life, liberty or property. Within the due process law, if you are to be accused of something it has to be under fair and reasonable circumstances. If we are ever to be arrested of something, under due process it commands that we are taken to court and showed a cause. It is very important that we have due process in the law for the people of the United States.
Law enforcement always requires the balancing of two competing social concerns: on one hand, is the government’s interest in protecting its citizens and prosecuting criminal conduct; on the other hand, is the right of innocent citizens to be free from unrestricted searches and seizures and compelled confessions. Under British rule before the Revolution that established a sovereign United States, citizens were subject to unwarranted searches of their property and seizure of their persons for suspicion of criminal conduct without the need for justification on the part of government agents.
This experience under British rule was incorporated into the U. S. Constitution and its subsequent amendments, including the Bill of Rights, precisely to provide the protection of citizens against unrestricted governmental police powers. Unrestricted police powers might, in principle, allow for the highest level of crime prevention and prosecution, but at a very steep cost, because virtually any police action would be permissible, including searches and apprehension, detention, and imprisonment without any justification, based solely on the suspicions, or even the whims, of government agents.
Excessive protections of individual rights would prohibit the investigatory, arrest, and prosecutorial functions necessary to enforce the laws of society. The goal of modern constitutional criminal procedure is to define principles of law enforcement that protect citizens from government intrusions that are unreasonable in their effect on personal liberties, while simultaneously facilitating the reasonable enforcement of law and protection of society by prosecuting and punishing criminal conduct. Copyright Issue
The age of computers and new technology has given humans an immense capacity to do anything imaginable through the internet. The internet enables us to communicate around the world with people we have never even met before. It allows communicating and finding information that we had previously only dreamed of. It gives us the opportunity to explore the world in the comfort of our own homes. Using a simple computer gives us access to anything we wish and desire. Each and every day new technology is allowing us to view the world in a different perspective.
Though the internet puts the world at our finger tips, it creates an enormous problem for many people. One of the major concerns is the copyright law violation of people who put their work on-line. The fact that their work could be easily manipulated and copied without the consent of the owner is a major issue. Though copyrights laws are meant to protect the rights of a person’s work, it becomes difficult to some extent to enforce this law among the internet and internet users.
A big copyright scandal was the case of Napster, Napster was a files sharing website where people were able to download: music, software, movies, etc… violating copyright in all the scene of the word. The four university student that ran Napster were sue and agreed to pay $ 2,000 to $ 17,000, although the trade group had originally sought up to $ 150,000 per song. Another problem with the internet is that many people who create on the internet such as establishing a website do not usually get the credit for the real work they do.
For example, many pictures or written documentation can be altered with just a stroke a button. Two years ago, I knew a friend of mind that decided that he want to get back at his girlfriend because she had left him for another man. He decided to scan a picture of her online. He altered her picture by putting her face in a body of another female that was posing nude online; he then decided to e-mail the picture to her parents. This may sound bizarre, but stories like this one happen on a regular basis.
In conclusion, I feel that copyright laws are very important, especially now that the internet give us virtually access to the world. I feel that protecting the work of people is just as important as protecting our first amendment rights. Each and every day the copyright laws get harder to implement the upsurge of better and faster technological advances. Prayer in schools The issue of school prayer is not one of religious freedom, as it is already legal for children to pray in school, either individually or in groups.
Since the Engel decision in 1962, religious advocates have been assailing the Supreme Court for “taking God out of the classroom. ” In an effort to reverse this trend, conservative religious groups have been fighting for the passage of a school prayer amendment to gain greater leeway for religious activities in schools. Clearly not all school prayer advocates agree as to what types of religious activities are permissible in public schools and why, but the following are some of the most frequently heard arguments.
As the lack of prayer in the schools began, so did the hate and violence. So, now as the years pass and students become less aware that prayer in school used to be a requirement, what can be done to move this issue in a positive direction? For the time being, an alternative to Christian prayer could be a moment of silence, not to take up time but to let students have a moment of silence to pray however they wish. Meanwhile, for those who wish not to pray, this moment would provide a quiet opportunity to collect their thoughts and mentally prepare them for the day ahead.