Economics analyzes the economic consequences of every mode of human action. Economics inquires into the principles of production, prices of goods, consumption and distribution. It looks for the most direct means that the chosen human ends can be attained. Economics does not condemn neither does it justify the motives of any economic actions. As such, it can be said to be objective. Politics on the other hand is the art of government which includes its policies, the methods and tactics it employs, factional ambitions, actions, goals and affairs.
Politics appeals to numerous intentions and motives and is directed by preferences, most of which are moral choices that are made by individuals in their relationship with one another. It is concerned with who receives what, when and how. With the above definitions, the relationship between politics and economics become apparent. The human life is sustained by economic production which is also the most important concern of the majority of individuals within the course of their lives.
The strength and prestige of any government in most cases depend on the performance of its economy. The collapse of governments also depend o the same variable. As such, economic policies must correspond to the needs of the majority who determine democratic elections and reelections. However, voters, together with the representatives that they elect to office, are in most cases guided by economic notions and doctrines that go well with the majority, rather than those that are perfect and exact.
Public opinion may be altered by appeals to preconceptions and emotions rather than common sense and rationality. Instead of focusing on theoretical correctness, political writers and speakers invest their energies in controversies and conflict. Politicians that are articulate contribute their explanations and interpretations, preferring to be popular rather than correct. A conflict of interest is normally created by the limited supply of economic goods but the productivity and supply of these economic goods is provided for by the human cooperation and division of labor.
With this regard, it is clear that the behavior of human beings is influenced to a large degree by economics. This includes the voting behavior. The foundation of any democratic political process is always the process of elections. Elections are meant to give the individual voter an array of alternative choices from which he can choose the one that corresponds with his values and ends. This conception presumes an individualistic rationality in the process of voting, a personal dictate of preferences among alternatives.
Election serves to validate and legitimize the leading party, candidate, or policy as the sum of individual voting decision. Elections represent the collective will and decision of the people. The participation of voters in elections is highly regarded and interpreted as a measure of collective support for the process of democracy. These are the basic tenets of democratic theory and they must be reevaluated when elections are considered as entropy measurements (Hibbs, 1977: 1467).