The nature of the problem in this study was identified as origination from the increase in dissatisfaction of the WTO member states with the policies, leadership and general operations especially when it comes to the Global South nations. There were challenges in getting personal interview as the problems of WTO are spread all over the world. Therefore the next best option was a grounded literature review to understand the problems between WTO and the member states. Research objectives clarity and applicability The research objectives were clear and applicable in the study. The objectives were: 1.
To review the roles of WTO 2. To review the activities of WTO 3. To review the progress and impact of WTO policies and practices with emphasis of the Global South Members states. 4. To analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of WTO on the ground following the respective conferences 5. To propose future studies for the WTO following the gaps in the above study. Research question and gaps in the literature This literature study noted that were gaps of data in WTO policy transparency even for the Global South nations. Other than this data not being available, there was no indication of efforts being made.
This literature also found gaps on WTO tariffs being applied across the Global South nations. Whatever data was available sketchy especially when it come to protectionist standards. Further gaps on the literature were realised on the ground policies that the Global South nations apply in servicing their trade. No reliable information was availed to understand how much the Global South nations invest and its sustainability for trade. Multilateral data on how people immigrate to necessitate global south trade under WTO was conspicuously missing.
Finally, this revealed that most of the important data and information are closely guarded government secrets. Literature Review- The World Trade Organization (WTO) was set up to push for ‘boundaries’ markets to all countries that were under welfare risk. (Zedillo et al. , 2005) This agenda would help the poor citizens of the trading countries to be on track for the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) on poverty eradication. The WTO is the one initiative that has been addressed the MDGs with the purpose of eliminating discrimination in cross border trade. (Zedillo et al. , 2005) The conceptual framework of WTO is shown in Appendix III.