Proactive policing refers to a form of policing that seeks to prevent occurrence of crimes rather than just respond to crimes that have already happened. It is initiated by the police officers themselves and not by citizens. In addition, proactive policing is problem oriented where it seeks to resolve community problems that are the root causes of crimes (Carlie, 2010). The effectiveness of this form of policing is enhanced by a supportive community (Carlie, 2010).
Proactive policing is similar to the traditional reactive policing in that both are aimed at ensuring the safety of the citizens and that both are enhanced by community involvement. Reactive policing differs from proactive policing in that it is incident driven and it is initiated by citizens/victims. Strategies employed in proactive policing include conducting business checks at night, conducting safety seminars, carrying out field investigations, police patrols in areas where crime rates are high, crackdowns, and making their presence felt especially at big events (Samaha, 2006).
These strategies are effective in preventing crimes. These strategies prevent crimes by the mere presence of the police officers and by the police actions. This is because during patrols police are able to interrogate and search people who look suspicious and this way they are able to deter crime e. g. by discovering unlicensed guns on citizens. In addition crackdowns especially following a tip can lead to prevention of crime before it happens e. g. by catching a gang as they plan to commit a crime.
Strategies such as checking businesses at nights helps to deter crime by discovery of anomalies such as an open window after which they inform the owner thereby preventing burglary (Samaha, 2006). By educating citizens on safety issues they prevent crime by informing citizens on how to make themselves less vulnerable to crimes. References Carlie, M. (2010). Proactive versus reactive policing. Retrieved 2 May, 2010 from http://courses. missouristate. edu/MichaelCarlie/advisenet/COURSES/650/proactive. htm Samaha, J. (2006). Criminal justice. Belmont, CA: Thomson Learning, Inc.