In a 21st century world that in many ways has seemed to totally disregard law and order for the sake of personal gains, political causes and in some cases the sheer pleasure that some get from damaging lives and property, the need for private security to protect assets and individuals is greater than ever. Ultimately, this research will discuss what role accreditation, standards, certification and licensure will play in the future of the private security industry.
Accreditation/Standards of Private Security Modern security has come a long way from the days when thugs of questionable backgrounds used sheer force and intimidation as their tools of the trade. Today, there are accreditation and standards for private security. While these elements vary by state, suffice it to say that there are baseline levels of training considered to be standard in the security industry for individuals and organizations (Poulin, et al, 2005).
It is through this accreditation system that private security has been able to rise from a traditionally unsavory, underground network to a precise, organized and professional industry with a great deal to offer for the betterment of society. Certification Because of the fact that private security in many cases either supplements or replaces public police protection depending on the situation, certification for private security today is similar to that of the public police officer, including the successful passage of background and psychological screening, physical standards, weapons training, etc.
Certification in this instance serves two main purposes: first, it assures that security officers are of a minimum quality and performance level, and also that the private security industry maintains a given level of professionalism which provides a proper level of protection for clients (Poulin, et al, 2005). Licensure
Like other professions that carry a great deal of responsibility and deal with matters of public and private safety, licensing standards for private security forces corresponds directly to the issue of legal authority; in other words, the licenses issued to security personnel both provide and limit what these personnel can and cannot do in regard to the detention of suspects, the use of lethal and non-lethal force, questioning of suspects and more (Poulin, et al, 2005).
Naturally, it is within these limits that the private security officer is expected to show restraint and professionalism under pressure while still effectively executing assigned duties. Therefore, both in an effort to ensure that private security does not exceed its given authority and to maximize that authority, licensure has become a vital part of the private security force of today. Conclusion
As has been shown in this research, the world of private security has certainly evolved from a chaotic bunch of violent, questionable and semi-effective “muscle” to the highly organized, trained, licensed and disciplined private security professionals of the modern world. Due to the continued budget cuts of public law enforcement and the increase in crime rates of all types, private security will undoubtedly continue to be increasingly relevant in the future as well.
Therefore, in conclusion, it can fairly be said that accreditation of private security will only become more critical as society progresses. Bibliography Poulin, K. C. & Nemeth, Charles P. (2005). Private Security and Public Safety: A Community-Based Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall Inc.