Throughout criminal justice, laws have been modified for the purpose of ensuring the protection of the citizens of the United States of America. A person who commits a crime will receive punishment and will be prosecuted under the court of law. Prison policies have been written to assist the court in sentences according to a specific crime. The policies are usually to keep criminals in prison, and to deter further criminal activities. Those convicted of a crime may face a longer sentence than a person who is currently serving time for the same crime because of the changes to prison policies.
Therefore, the prison policy of convicted armed robbery is under review and must be voted on, which voting for bill to pass can sometimes have mix reviews. Robbery occurs when property from a person, place, or bank is taken by force. Armed robbery is using a type of weapon to take possession of something, which results as more of a serious crime than robbery. According to “Armed Robbery Charges” (2010), “Armed robbery is the taking of said property, but with the use of a firearm or other taking of said property, but with the use of a firearm or other weapon.
Just by including a weapon in a particular robbery crime, a robbery can be viewed with a lot more seriousness” (Para. 2). Even if the person who committed the robbery mentions a weapon or uses a fake weapon can still be charged as committing armed robbery, and the crime is considered to be a felony. The length of sentence for a person who is convicted of armed robbery is different in each state. The bill going to be voted on will be to double the maximum prison term for anyone convicted of armed robber.
Before voting on the bill, it will be a good idea for legislature officials to review the statistics of armed robbery compared to normal robbery crimes. Citizens also have the right to be informed of the possible changes and can have his or her voices be heard toward the bill. The only consideration that must be carefully reviewed and express is the prison policy would enforce only to those who commit robbery with a weapon in intent to harm others. Murder investigations are tied to armed robbery because the robbery was out of hand, and as a result ended with the murder or injury of victim. The preliminary investigation has revealed that just after 9:00 p. m. , three armed suspects enter the home. The suspects took various properties from the home’s occupants. Simons then arrived at the home a short time later and attempted to flee after seeing the armed suspects. At least one of the suspects shot Simons as he was trying to flee. ” (“Armed Robbery Leads To Homicide”, 2011). This bill will be good for the public by giving them security, and acquiring the public trust in the criminal justice system.
The bill will also allow the judicial system to pursue long sentences, and keep those criminals in prison for many years. Many others would vote against the bill because first time offenders should deserve a second chance if no injury or death was a result of the robbery. With arm robbery, the second change should not apply because a weapon was used and that shows the intention of using it. A second chance should be considered if the crime is conducted by a juvenile because a juvenile has time to change, and deserves help from rehabilitation services.
The recommendation as a criminologist to the state legislator would be not vote for the bill for double maximum prison sentence for convicted arm robbery. The reason are incriminating a person for an extensive period for armed robbery is not fair because people can change, and some who commit this type of crime, do it for survival or did not intend to hurt or murder the victim. If the murder were intended, the convicted can receive a double maximum sentence. The sentence will punish the criminal by teaching him or her lesson, and provide justice to the victim.
The bill would be very ineffective for the reason for increasing maximum sentence has a poor effect on deterring criminals. Butterfield (n. d. ), “Despite the prison-construction boom of recent years, the rate at which inmates released from prison committed new crimes actually rose from 1983 to 1994, suggesting that the increased number of criminals put behind bars has not been an effective deterrent to crime, according to a Justice Department study released today” (Para. 1).
Convicted criminals released from prison often commit the crime again. According to Crime in America. net (2010), “Most former convicts were rearrested shortly after getting out of prison: 30 percent within six months, 44 percent within a year, 59 percent within two years and 67 percent by the end of three years” (2002 Study). Therefore, the bill to double maximum sentence for armed robbery will be ineffective and should be denied. Prison policy writing comes in a form of a bill that must be voted on by the state legislator.
The bill to be voted on is to double the maximum sentence for people convicted of arm robbery. An advantage to the bill will be to keep criminals who injure or murder him or her by robbing them would be incarcerated, and away of society for many years. A disadvantage to the bill is doubling the maximum sentence for armed robbery is harsh, especially for first time offenders. The bill will be ineffective as a deterrent because ex-convicts end back in prison.